What type of disorder is tuberculosis?

What type of disorder is tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects the lungs. The bacteria that cause tuberculosis are spread from person to person through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes.

What is meant by TB disease?

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable. TB is spread from person to person through the air. When people with lung TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air.

What is the medical name for tuberculosis?

Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious bacterial infection that involves the lungs. It may spread to other organs.

What are the different types of tuberculosis ( TB )?

Tuberculosis is of two different types and is mainly categorized based on the risk factors:- Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis. 3. What are the symptoms of tuberculosis? Following are some of the common symptoms of TB:

When does TB disease make a person sick?

When TB bacteria become active (multiplying in the body) and the immune system can’t stop the bacteria from growing, this is called TB disease. TB disease will make a person sick.

What kind of disease does pulmonary tuberculosis cause?

Medically reviewed by Adithya Cattamanchi, MD on March 28, 2018 — Written by Elea Carey, Valencia Higuera, and Rachel Nall. The bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes tuberculosis (TB), a contagious, airborne infection that destroys body tissue. Pulmonary TB occurs when M. tuberculosis primarily attacks the lungs.

Which is the leading cause of TB in the world?

Tuberculosis is a contagious airborne disease, which can be acquired from close contact with an infected person. Mycobacterium Tuberculosis is one of the leading causes of this dreadful infectious disease. It is a pathogenic bacterial species and mainly comprises of four other types of TB-causing bacteria, namely: Mycobacterium africanum.

What bacteria causes TB?

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a type of bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The condition is spread when a person with an active TB infection in their lungs coughs or sneezes and someone else inhales the expelled droplets, which contain TB bacteria.

What are facts about TB?

Tuberculosis: General Information. What is TB? Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person to person through the air. TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain, the kidneys, or the spine. A person with TB can die if they do not get treatment.

What are the effects of TB?

Active Symptoms. Effects of active TB in diagnosed cases range from pleurisy, a disease of the lining of the lungs, according to USA Today’s Health Encyclopedia section, as well as coughing, spitting blood and sputum, loss of appetite, fatigue with profound weakness and wasting, fever, weight loss and night sweats.

What are some interesting facts about tuberculosis?

Here are the top interesting facts about tuberculosis: #1 Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease which commonly affects the lungs. The bacteria ( Mycobacterium tuberculosis ) which cause this condition are spread from one individual to another through tiny droplets released into the air.