What is West Nile caused by?
What causes West Nile virus? West Nile virus is spread to humans through the bite of an infected female mosquito. The mosquitoes get the virus when they bite an infected bird. Crows and jays are the most common birds linked to the virus.
What type of disease is West Nile virus?
West Nile virus (WNV) is an infectious disease that first appeared in the United States in 1999. Infected mosquitoes spread the virus that causes it. People who get WNV usually have no symptoms or mild symptoms. The symptoms include a fever, headache, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph glands.
Can West Nile virus cause polio?
Fratkin presented additional evidence that the West Nile virus can cause poliomyelitis. Since 2002, Dr. Fratkin said he and colleagues have seen eight cases of poliomyelitis-like disease due to West Nile virus, and other US physicians, including Dr. Jeha, have reported dozens of other cases.
Can West Nile cause Guillain Barre?
West Nile virus (WNV) infection may induce encephalitis, meningitis, and acute flaccid paralysis (AFP), which may occur concomitantly or in isolation (1). In the initial North American outbreak of WNV infections, the AFP was diagnosed as Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) (2).
What kind of animals can get rabies in Washington State?
Bats are the most likely animal in Washington State to have rabies, but any mammal can become infected. Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that can affect goats and other livestock such as sheep and cows and wild ruminants such as deer, elk and bison.
What kind of diseases are transmitted by arthropods?
Arbovirus, short for arthropod-borne virus, is a name given to viruses that are transmitted by arthropods. Mosquitoes are the most common vectors of arboviral diseases such as West Nile virus in Washington.
How are zoonotic diseases different from other diseases?
Zoonotic diseases range from mild to severe. Others, such as rabies are almost always fatal. Zoonoses occur when there is contact with or consumption of non-human animals, their products or derivatives. Zoonotic diseases have different modes of transmission.
Is there a disease that infects both humans and animals?
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that infects both humans and a wide range of animals. It occurs worldwide but is more common in temperate and tropical areas of the world. Some people infected with leptospirosis will have no symptoms at all, and some people will become severely ill.