What is the most dangerous part of the brain to injure?
The Prefrontal Cortex Is the Most Sensitive Place in the Frontal Lobe. Within the frontal lobe, the most susceptible area to injury lies at the very front of the brain behind the skull.
What is the base of the brain called?
At the base of the brain is the brainstem, which extends from the upper cervical spinal cord to the diencephalon of the cerebrum. The brainstem is divided into the medulla, pons, and midbrain.
Why is injury to the medulla oblongata frequently fatal?
Brain and Cranial Nerves. Major parts of brain are: brain stem, cerebellum, diencephalon and cerebrum. Injury to medulla oblongata often fatal since it contains vital parts for control of breathing, heart rate and blood pressure.
What part of the brain is affected by traumatic brain injury?
The parts of the brain that are most commonly affected in traumatic brain injury are the frontal and temporal lobes. And part of the reason for that is that they’re up against bone, and it’s fairly rigid and rough bone.
What does the back of the brain control?
The cerebellum is at the base and the back of the brain. The cerebellum is responsible for coordination and balance. The brain is also divided into several lobes: The occipital lobes contain the brain’s visual processing system.
Why would damage to an area like the medulla have fatal consequences?
Damage to the Medulla But because the medulla also controls vital autonomic functions such as breathing and heart rate, damage to this area of the brain can be fatal. This results in a lower breathing and heart rate, relaxation of muscles, and loss of consciousness.
Why would damage to an area like the medulla have such significant consequences?
If your medulla is damaged, your brain and spinal cord won’t be able to effectively transmit information to one another. Damage to your medulla oblongata can lead to: breathing problems. tongue dysfunction.
Which is more dangerous frontal lobes or the base of the brain?
THE BASE OF THE BRAIN IS MORE DANGEROUS THEN TRAUMA TO FRONTAL LOBES BECAUSE IT CONTAINS THE CENTERS MORE VITAL TO LIFE SUCH AS, RESPIRATORY, CARDIAC, AND VASOMOTOR CENTERS. IN “SPLIT BRAIN” EXPERIMENTS, THE MAIN COMMISSURE CONNECTING THE CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES IS CUT. FIRST, NAME THE COMMISSURE.
How does traumatic stress affect the prefrontal cortex?
The prefrontal cortex and the `higher’ brain are very vulnerable to traumatic stress (Silberg, 2013). Trauma affects our ability to think. It makes us less able to learn (Courtois & Ford, 2009). This is because we are in survival mode.
What happens to the brain during a traumatic event?
Trauma can also affect the prefrontal cortex, which plays a role in critical thinking, problem solving, empathy, and awareness. However, during a traumatic event, the prefrontal cortex can shut down because of the stress hormones that are released. Since the brain is in survival mode and the amygdala responds so quickly, higher functioning …
Where do the fibers cross in the brain?
FIBERS CROSS TO THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE BRAIN THROUGH THE MEDULLA OBLONGATA. EXPLAIN WHY TRAUMA TO THE BASE OF THE BRAIN IS OFTEN MUCH MORE DANGEROUS THEN TRAUMA TO THE FRONTAL LOBE.
Which is more dangerous the frontal lobes or the base of the brain?
Explain why trauma to the base of the brain is often much more dangerous than trauma to the frontal lobes. (Hint: Think about the relative function of the cerebral hemispheres and the brain stem structures. Which contain centers more vital to life?) tuss
Which is part of the brain is affected by trauma?
The hippocampus is another part of the brain that can be affected by trauma, and it is right next to the amygdala. The main role of the hippocampus is to convert short term memories to long term memories. During a traumatic event, the process of converting these memories is interrupted because the brain is in survival mode.
What happens to the hippocampus during a traumatic event?
The main role of the hippocampus is to convert short term memories to long term memories. During a traumatic event, the process of converting these memories is interrupted because the brain is in survival mode.
Which is not part of the brain stem?
9. frontal lobe parietal lobe temporal lobe precentral gyrus parieto-occipital sulcus postcentral gyrus lateral sulcus central sulcus cerebellum 10. medulla oblongata 11. occipital lobe 12. pons 3. Which of the following structures are not part of the brain stem?