How does muscular dystrophy affect the digestive system?

How does muscular dystrophy affect the digestive system?

In the upper digestive tract, dysphagia, heartburn, regurgitation and dyspepsia are the most common complaints, while in the lower tract, abdominal pain, bloating and changes in bowel habits are often reported. Digestive symptoms may be the first sign of dystrophic disease and may precede the musculo-skeletal features.

Does muscular dystrophy affect the vascular system?

The muscular dystrophies are commonly associated with cardiovascular complications, including cardiomyopathy and cardiac arrhythmias.

How does muscular dystrophy affect the respiratory system?

With progressive loss of muscle strength, individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are at risk for respiratory complications, including ineffective cough, lower respiratory tract infections, nocturnal hypoventilation and/or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and ultimately, daytime respiratory failure.

Can muscular dystrophy cause constipation?

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients may have to be more alert about their chances of life-threatening constipation and they should monitor their intestinal transport vigilantly as they get older because they appear to have markedly disturbed gastrointestinal motor functions, according to a recent study.

How is muscular dystrophy related to the nervous system?

Muscular Dystrophy is a progressive weakness of your muscles. NERVOUS SYSTEM Muscular Dystrophy Muscular dystrophy is a muscle disease characterised by progressive muscle weakness associated with degeneration of skeletal muscle fibres.

How does myotonic dystrophy affect your body?

Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a multisystemic disorder that can affect all age groups. Because of the range of systems affected, management requires a more expansive approach than most disorders and care is best provided by a coordinated, multidisciplinary team. Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias) Enlarged heart muscle.

How does muscular dystrophy affect the eye and throat?

• Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy: This affects the eye and the throat. This mostly appears in men and women post 40 years of age. It causes weakness in the eye and facial muscles. What Are The First Signs Of Muscular Dystrophy?

How does Duchenne muscular dystrophy affect the body?

It is accompanied by symptoms such as stiffening of muscles and prolonged spasms. The symptoms get worse when it is cold. • Duchenne muscular dystrophy: This affects only males. It is most likely to appear between the age of 2 and 6. The muscles tend to decrease in size and grow weak with time.

What diseases affect the muscular system?

Muscular system diseases are often very painful and result in physical impairments, such as an inability to walk. Diseases that impact the muscular system include muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, ALS, and cerebral palsy.

What are the effects of muscular dystrophy?

The effects of muscular dystrophy on brain include cognitive impairment, lower IQ, neural shrinkage, loss of neurons, abnormal dendrites and synaptic dysfunction. Various drugs are used to manage the effects such as anticonvulsants are used to manage seizures.

What are the different types of muscle disease?

The common types of muscle disease are the neuromuscular disorders such as multiple sclerosis and myasthenia gravis, and the conditions that develop within skeletal muscle itself, called myopathies . Neuromuscular diseases afflict the communication between muscles and the nerves that control their movement, and are often progressive and fatal.

What is muscular system disease?

Diseases and disorders of the muscular system include dystrophy, tendinosis, FMS, mitochondrial myopathy, myasthenia gravis, and tetanus. Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that weaken the muscular system and make it harder to move.