Can you transmit an infectious disease?
An infectious disease can be transmitted from one person to another, while a non-infectious disease cannot be spread through person-to-person contact.
What is an infectious disease that can be spread called?
Communicable (also known as infectious or transmissible) diseases are caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi that can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another.
What are the 4 ways infectious diseases spread?
Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.
How does an infectious disease spread from one person to another?
Direct contact. A common way for infectious diseases to spread is through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. This can occur when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected.
How is an infectious disease different from a contagious disease?
Communicable diseases are infectious diseases. An infectious disease is contagious when it spreads through direct, bodily contact with an infected person, their discharges, or an object or surface they’ve contaminated.
What’s the easiest way to catch an infectious disease?
An easy way to catch most infectious diseases is by coming in contact with a person or an animal with the infection. Infectious diseases can be spread through direct contact such as:
How are germs passed from one child to another?
Infections like ringworm are spread when children play together and the infected area of a child is touched by another. Other infections like chickenpox, cold sores and HIV can be passed on by kissing, touching and sexual intercourse. Colds, strep throat etc. are caused by germs found in saliva and excretions of the nose.
What is a highly contagious disease?
The top five most contagious infectious diseases include respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis and malaria. Respiratory tract infections, especially lower respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia are considered the most contagious and deadly.
What are infections caused by bacteria?
The most common diseases caused by bacteria include meningitis, gastritis, sexually transmitted diseases, skin infections, boils, among others.
What are the different types of infection?
Infection is the effect of a foreign organism in the body. Types of infection include bacterial, fungal, viral, protozoan, parasitic, and prion disease. They are classified by the type of organism causing the infection.
What are communicable diseases?
Communicable Diseases. Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host.