Why is there an increase in learning disabilities?
Unsound reasons for the increase include broad and vague definitions of learning disability, financial incentives to identify students for special education, and inadequate preparation of teachers by colleges of education, leading to overreferral of students with any type of special need.
What is the most common cause of learning disability?
Possible causes include the following: An inherited condition, meaning that certain genes passed from the parents affected the brain development, for example Fragile X. Chromosome abnormalities such as Down’s syndrome or Turner syndrome. Complications during birth resulting in a lack of oxygen to the brain.
What percentage of Northern Ireland is disabled?
Overall, 21.7% of respondents aged 16-64 in Northern Ireland (Apr-Jun 2017) reported a long-term illness and a disability. In the UK overall the figure was 17.4%.
Why is there an increase in the number of children with disabilities in Northern Ireland?
Dr Alan Stout, the chair of the Northern Ireland GP Committee of the British Medical Association, said figures have “skyrocketed” due to “increased awareness” and changes to the criteria under the 2011 legislation.
How many disabled children are in Northern Ireland?
Northern Ireland has the highest percentage of childhood disability in the UK, a new study has shown. The average across the province is 5.5%, significantly higher than in England where the level of childhood disability is 3.7%, while in Scotland it is 4.4% and Wales 4.3%.
What is a severe learning disability in adults?
A profound and multiple learning disability (PMLD) is when a person has a severe learning disability and other disabilities that significantly affect their ability to communicate and be independent. Someone with PMLD may have severe difficulties seeing, hearing, speaking and moving.
How many people have learning disability in Northern Ireland?
25,000 adults of working age with a learning disability in Northern Ireland. 11,000 children with a learning disability (0-17) with a learning disability in Northern Ireland. 4,000 children with a learning disability (0-5) with a learning disability in Northern Ireland.
How many people in Wales have a learning disability?
54,000 adults with a learning disability in Wales. 31,000 adults with a learning disability in Northern Ireland. 25,000 adults of working age with a learning disability in Northern Ireland. 11,000 children with a learning disability (0-17) with a learning disability in Northern Ireland.
What are the attitudes to disability in Northern Ireland?
Negative attitudes towards persons experiencing mental ill-health were twice as prevalent as attitudes towards those with a physical or a learning disability. Another source of information is the Northern Ireland Survey of Activity Limitation and Disability (2007).
Is it illegal to discriminate in schools in Northern Ireland?
Detailed guidance on the definition of disability is available from the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland. The Special Educational Needs and Disability (Nl) Order 2005 (SENDO) has made it unlawful for schools to discriminate against pupils for a reason related to their disability.
How are people with learning disabilities supported in Northern Ireland?
You can find out about health and social care needs assessments in your area. In Northern Ireland, people with learning disabilities are supported to live as independently as possible. The services and support provided will depend on individual circumstances and will require an assessment of individual needs.
Why does Northern Ireland have the highest rate of disability?
“This means parent carers are more likely to be managing on a low income, struggling without a car or central heating. “We want to see a restored Northern Ireland Executive tackle the never-ending cycle of disadvantage faced by families with disabled children by investing in health and social care services.”
How many people in the UK have learning disabilities?
It’s thought up to 350,000 people have a severe learning disability. This figure is increasing. A learning disability can be mild, moderate or severe. Some people with a mild learning disability can talk easily and look after themselves but may need a bit longer than usual to learn new skills.
Are there any known causes for learning disabilities?
Sometimes there’s no known cause for a learning disability. Some conditions are associated with having a learning disability because people with these conditions are more likely to have one. For example, everyone with Down’s syndrome has some kind of learning disability, and so do many people with cerebral palsy.