Why do kidneys exist?

Why do kidneys exist?

Why are the kidneys important? Your kidneys remove wastes and extra fluid from your body. Your kidneys also remove acid that is produced by the cells of your body and maintain a healthy balance of water, salts, and minerals—such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium—in your blood.

Why is kidney disease so bad?

When your kidneys are damaged, waste products and fluid can build up in your body. That can cause swelling in your ankles, nausea, weakness, poor sleep, and shortness of breath. Without treatment, the damage can get worse and your kidneys may eventually stop working. That’s serious, and it can be life-threatening.

Is kidney disease common?

1 in 3 adults in the U.S. (approximately 80 million) is at risk for kidney disease. Kidney disease is more common in women (14%) than men (12%). But for every 2 women who develop end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), 3 men’s kidneys fail. Kidney disease is a leading cause of death in the U.S.

Does kidney disease go away?

“But it can be treated. It is a chronic disease. It will never go away. But you can help by living a healthy lifestyle and taking better care of your diabetes.” The goals of treatment, she explained, are to slow kidney disease from getting worse and to prevent heart and blood vessel disease.

Can you live with 10 kidney function?

When your kidneys are no longer able to work at a level that’s necessary for day-to-day life, you have end-stage renal disease. End-stage renal disease usually occurs when kidney function is less than 10 percent of normal.

How do I know if my kidneys are OK?

“That usually involves simple laboratory tests: a urine test to look for kidney damage, and a blood test to measure how well the kidneys are working.” The urine test checks for a protein called albumin, which isn’t routinely detected when your kidneys are healthy.

What causes a person to have chronic kidney disease?

Diabetes is also a major cause of chronic kidney disease. Diabetes is a group of diseases that causes high blood sugar. The increased level of sugar in the blood damages the blood vessels in the kidneys over time. This means the kidneys can’t clean the blood properly. Kidney failure can occur when your body becomes overloaded with toxins.

What do you need to know about kidney disease?

As kidney disease progresses, your eGFR goes down. A urine test to check for albumin. Albumin is a protein that can pass into the urine when the kidneys are damaged. Too much albumin in your urine is an early sign of kidney damage. There are five stages of CKD, with kidney failure as the final stage.

What causes kidney failure if left untreated?

If left untreated, chronic kidney disease can lead to kidney failure. The biggest causes of kidney failure from chronic kidney disease are: Diabetes: Unmanaged diabetes can lead to uncontrolled blood sugar levels.

What happens to your body when your kidneys are damaged?

They produce hormones that regulate blood pressure and control the production of red blood cells. The kidneys even activate a form of vitamin D that helps the body absorb calcium. Kidney disease affects approximately 26 million American adults. It occurs when your kidneys become damaged and can’t perform their function.

What is the life expectancy of someone with kidney failure?

There are a number of people who are standing at the stage of kidney and liver failure. Without any treatment; it will be hard for the patients to live more than a week. In general, both kidney and liver failure life expectancy is not more than 6 months.

What are the early signs of kidney problems?

Usually the most obvious sign of kidney distress is a change in the habits of urination. Urine production is a function of the kidneys and therefore any major change such as: less urine, urinating more often, change in color, foam, smell, pain, or blood in urine, can all indicate an issue with the kidneys.

How does kidney disease affect a person?

Symptoms and Complications. The symptoms of kidney disease depend on the type of disease that a person has. If the disease is caused by a bacterial infection, the person will develop a high fever. Other signs of kidney disease include passing too much or too little urine, or passing blood or abnormal levels of chemicals in the urine.

Why is diet important if I have kidney failure?

Diet is important when you have kidney failure because your kidneys cannot get rid of waste products. As a result certain foods must be limited or avoided. At the same time, your body needs nutrients to stay healthy. Your dialysis dietitian will continue to teach you how to stay on a kidney diet.