Who is Hans Asperger and why is he famous?
Hans Asperger is famous for giving his name to “Asperger syndrome,” or high-functioning autism. Asperger described this syndrome in 1944, one year after Leo Kanner published his iconic article on autism.
Who was the first person to describe Asperger’s syndrome?
History. Asperger’s syndrome (also known as Asperger’s Disorder) was first described in the 1940s by Viennese pediatrician Hans Asperger, who observed autism-like behaviors and difficulties with social and communication skills in boys who had normal intelligence and language development.
What did Leo Kanner believe about Asperger syndrome?
Unlike Leo Kanner, Asperger believed that autism could be present either in highly intelligent children or in children with mental retardation. Social disabilities could be so profound in some individuals with autism that they made independence literally impossible, regardless of intellectual ability.
What are the characteristics of someone with Asperger’s?
Characteristics. While some individuals with autism have intellectual disabilities, by definition, a person with Asperger’s Disorder cannot have a “clinically significant” cognitive delay, and most possess average to above-average intelligence. While motor difficulties are not a specific criterion for Asperger’s,…
What kind of personality does Hans Asperger have?
In four boys, he identified a pattern of behavior and abilities that he called “autistic psychopathy,” meaning autism (self) and psychopathy (personality). The pattern included “a lack of empathy, little ability to form friendships, one-sided conversation, intense absorption in a special interest, and clumsy movements.”
How did Hans Asperger come up with the name autism?
Hans Asperger is famous for giving his name to “Asperger syndrome,” or high-functioning autism. Asperger described this syndrome in 1944, one year after Leo Kanner published his iconic article on autism. Asperger, an Austrian physician, presented case studies, just as Kanner had, about “a particularly interesting and highly recognisable type
What did Hans Asperger say about psychopathy?
Asperger described the syndrome in his 1944 publication Die Autistischen Psychopathen im Kindesalter (Autistic Psychopathy in Childhood). At that time, the syndrome was called autistic psychopathy, and Asperger noted that characteristics of the syndrome included lack of sympathy, one-sided conversations, and difficulty forming friendships.
What kind of behavior does Asperger’s syndrome cause?
Asperger identified in four boys a pattern of behavior and abilities that included “a lack of empathy, little ability to form friendships, one-sided conversations, intense absorption in a special interest, and clumsy movements”.