What types of diseases are described as contagious or infectious?
Infectious diseases are diseases caused by living organisms like viruses and bacteria. Described as contagious, they can be passed from person to person through body secretions, insects or other means. Examples are SARS, influenza, the common cold, tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis A and B.
What makes an infectious disease a contagious disease?
Communicable diseases are infectious diseases. An infectious disease is contagious when it spreads through direct, bodily contact with an infected person, their discharges, or an object or surface they’ve contaminated. Some key points: this transmission is typically very easy and results from close, casual contact.
What do you mean by the word contagious?
The important takeaway from the word contagious is that the disease is spread through human contact. In other words, you need to be in contact with the sick person to get the disease. What does infectious mean?
What’s the difference between a communicable disease and an infectious disease?
Spread: A communicable disease is a disease many others may get and that is why we have vaccinations. A contagious disease is a disease someone in contact with the person may catch. An infectious disease is a disease that may be spread within the person such as a virus or a bacterial or a fungal infection.
How is AIDS more contagious than other diseases?
The virus of AIDS, though it is a contagious disease does not spread by touching or kissing. Thus AIDS is less contagious though it is more dangerous than many other contagious diseases. Many people think that contagious and infectious diseases are one and the same thing but there are many significant differences between the two.
What is the difference between infectious and contagious?
Contagious diseases are spread by contact, while infectious diseases are spread by infectious agents. The crux of the distinction is this: contagious diseases are spread by contact, while infectious diseases are spread by infectious agents. So, if contact with your sniffling coworker results in your…
What are the 5 communicable diseases?
Communicable diseases include malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, infant’s diarrhoea, measles and poliomyelitis diseases are passed on to people who are not already affected by it. To collect this data we use mortality rates, morbidity rates, disease incidence, disease prevalence and disability adjusted life…
What is the most communicable disease in the US?
The top five most contagious infectious diseases include respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis and malaria. Respiratory tract infections, especially lower respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia are considered the most contagious and deadly.
How do you prevent communicable diseases?
A number of rather common communicable diseases can be prevented using vaccinations, usually during childhood. The flu shot can prevent people from getting the virus. People with a contagious illness should stay home from work. Washing hands after using the bathroom and before meals is essential to preventing the spread of diseases.