What type of infection causes eczema?
The commonest cause of infection in eczema is a bacterium known as Staphylococcus aureus. It thrives on the weepy, broken skin of eczema. When infected, there may be over 100 million bacteria on a patch of eczema just the size of a finger nail.
How does eczema start?
Certain substances or conditions called trigger factors can cause eczema to flare-up: Irritants such as soaps and detergents, wool, skin infections, dry skin, low humidity, heat, sweating or emotional stress. Allergens such as dust mites, pollen, moulds, or foods.
How do I know if my eczema is infected?
Signs of an infection can include:
- your eczema getting a lot worse.
- fluid oozing from the skin.
- a yellow crust on the skin surface or small yellowish-white spots appearing in the eczema.
- the skin becoming swollen and sore.
- feeling hot and shivery and generally feeling unwell.
How can I prevent eczema infection?
How to Prevent Eczema Skin Infections
- Moisturize. Daily moisturizing is key.
- Avoid triggers. Stay away from anything that can irritate the skin.
- Wear gloves.
- Select all soaps carefully.
- Don’t irritate the skin.
- Visit a dermatologist.
What happens if your eczema is left untreated?
Infected eczema can also lead to more dangerous complications. For example, if left untreated, a serious staph infection may cause a blood infection known as sepsis. In general, the younger the person is, the more likely they are to develop complications from an infection.
How to know if you have an eczema infection?
Look out for one or more of the following signs of bacterial infection: 1 Eczema becomes suddenly worse, with redness, itching and soreness. 2 The skin is weepy with clear or yellow fluid. 3 The skin has blisters, or red/yellow pus spots appear. 4 You have a raised temperature, flu-like symptoms or swollen glands in the armpit, neck and groin.
How does an eczema warrior get an infection?
For my two eczema warriors, their eczema is a constant itch-scratch cycle. The itch is usually bone-deep and in the nerves, not simply on the surface of the skin. So as they tear at their skin, raw wounds are a frequent occurrence, and they do get the occasional skin infection.
How often should you use emollient for eczema?
Use your emollient of choice frequently. Ideally, this will be every few hours, but should be at least twice a day, and every few hours if the eczema is flaring. It is recommended that an adult use at least 500g per week (at least 250g for a child) when the eczema is affecting a large area of the body.