What race is most affected by meningitis?

What race is most affected by meningitis?

In one study conducted in the United States, the incidence of meningococcal disease was slightly higher in African Americans (1.5 cases per 100,000 people) than in whites (1.1 cases per 100,000 people).

Is meningitis an epidemic?

Meningitis (group A) is common in sub-Saharan African countries, but epidemics have occurred worldwide. During epidemics, children, teenagers, and young adults are the most severely affected. In developed countries, outbreaks occur most frequently in military and college student populations.

Does meningitis have a high mortality rate?

Key facts. Meningococcal meningitis is a bacterial form of meningitis, a serious infection of the thin lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Meningococcal meningitis is associated with high fatality (50% when untreated) and high frequency (10-20%) of severe long-term sequelae.

How many people have died from meningitis in the world?

Infants, children, and young adults are most likely to suffer from bacterial meningitis. An estimated 2.82 million cases of meningitis occur globally each year, with more than 300,000 deaths—a third of which occur in children between one month and five years of age.

What percentage of people survive meningitis?

One large study of adults with community-acquired bacterial meningitis reported an overall mortality rate of 21%, including a 30% mortality rate associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis and a 7% mortality rate for Neisseria meningitidis (2).

What’s the mortality rate for fungal meningitis?

Prognosis. Prognosis depends on the pathogen responsible for the infection and risk group. Overall mortality for Candida meningitis is 10-20%, 31% for patients with HIV, and 11% in neurosurgical cases (when treated). Prognosis for Aspergillus and coccidioidal infections is poor.

What is the mortality rate of meningitis?

Without treatment, the case-fatality rate can be as high as 70 percent, and one in five survivors of bacterial meningitis may be left with permanent sequelae including hearing loss, neurologic disability, or loss of a limb (18).