What is type 1 diabetes considered?

What is type 1 diabetes considered?

If you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t make insulin or makes very little insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps blood sugar enter the cells in your body where it can be used for energy. Without insulin, blood sugar can’t get into cells and builds up in the bloodstream.

What is type 2 diabetes vs type 1?

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune reaction that attacks cells in your pancreas that produce insulin and is caused by inherited genetics or environmental elements. Type 2 diabetes happens when your body becomes resistant to insulin and is associated with genetics and lifestyle choice.

What level is type 1 diabetes?

A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.

Can Type 2 diabetes go away?

There is no known cure for type 2 diabetes. But it can be controlled. And in some cases, it goes into remission. For some people, a diabetes-healthy lifestyle is enough to control their blood sugar levels.

What kind of diabetes is type 1 diabetes?

What is Type 1 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes, which was formerly known as juvenile diabetes, is a chronic autoimmune condition that makes the body unable to produce insulin, which is the hormone that regulates blood sugar.

Who is most at risk for Type 1 diabetes?

High blood sugar is damaging to the body and causes many of the symptoms and complications of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes (previously called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes) is usually diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults, but it can develop at any age.

Can a person get type 1 diabetes at any age?

While type 1 diabetes is commonly diagnosed during adolescence and early adulthood, it can occur at any age. Older people who develop type 1 diabetes are often misdiagnosed as having Type 2 diabetes. Most people first diagnosed with type 1 diabetes are lean.

How are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes managed?

Type 1 is managed by taking insulin to control your blood sugar. You can manage type 2 diabetes in more ways than type 1. These include through medication, exercise and diet. People with type 2 can also be prescribed insulin. Currently there is no cure for type 1 but research continues.

What is type 1 diabetes and what causes it?

Causes of type 1 diabetes. The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. What is known is that your immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria or viruses — attacks and destroys your insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

What type of medication is used for Type 1 diabetes?

Insulin injected subcutaneously is the first-line treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). The different types of insulin vary with respect to onset and duration of action. Short-, intermediate-, and long-acting insulins are available. Short-acting and rapid-acting insulins are the only types that can be administered intravenously (IV).

What is typical day like with Type 1 diabetes?

Typical day with type 1 diabetes . A day with diabetes is more or less a normal everyday life, but more on the less side. They must check their glucose levels before and after they eat. From that information, they must calculate the amount of insulin to inject. Even if they have an insulin pump, they must count their calories.

What does glucose do to people with Type 1 diabetes?

Inside the cells, glucose is stored and later used for energy. With type 1 diabetes, beta cells produce little or no insulin. Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells. This buildup of glucose in the blood is called hyperglycemia. The body is unable to use the glucose for energy.