What is the scientific name of Lyme disease?
Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme Disease)
What type of pathogen is Borrelia?
Borrelia mayonii are a type of bacteria recently found in North America that can cause Lyme disease. These bacteria are different from the three types of bacteria that cause most cases of Lyme disease worldwide. B. mayonii is the only species besides B.
What is the pathogenesis of Lyme disease?
Pathophysiology of Lyme Disease burgdorferi enters the skin at the site of the tick bite. After 3 to 32 days, the organisms migrate locally in the skin around the bite, spread via the lymphatics to cause regional adenopathy or disseminate in blood to organs or other skin sites.
What insect causes Lyme disease?
Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and rarely, Borrelia mayonii. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans.
What kills Lyme spirochetes?
Currently, healthcare professionals choose between three antibiotics in the treatment of Lyme disease. These are doxycycline, cefuroxime, and amoxicillin. Sometimes, however, antibiotics are not effective in eradicating all traces of B. burgdorferi from the system, which means that the disease can persist.
Can Lyme cause gangrene?
Estimates vary as to its prevalence, with most sources stating that it presents eventually in about half of all RMSF patients. Close to 5% of patients will develop gangrene or skin necrosis, sometimes requiring amputation of the affected extremities.
What kind of bacteria is involved in Lyme disease?
Lyme disease is caused by spirochetes, spiral bacteria from the genus Borrelia. Spirochetes are surrounded by peptidoglycan and flagella, along with an outer membrane similar to other Gram-negative bacteria.
What are the signs and symptoms of Lyme disease?
Related Pages. Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and rarely, Borrelia mayonii. It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans.
What kind of ticks are the vectors of Lyme disease?
TICKS: THE VECTORS OF LYME DISEASE Competent vectors of Lyme borreliosis include hard ticks belonging to the genus Ixodes , whereby the species of ticks responsible for transmitting the pathogens are distributed according to geographical locations .
Who is an expert on Lyme disease pathogenesis?
Expert on the pathogenesis of Lyme disease and mentor for several subsequent researchers in the field; member of the Pathogenesis, Transmission, and Treatment Subcommittee to the first Tick-Borne Disease Working Group The specific goal of the subcommittee was to address the following questions:
What bacteria causes Lyme disease?
Lyme disease is caused by spiral-shaped bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi (found in the U.S.) and Borrelia afzelii (found in Europe). Two different species of ticks, Ixodes scapularis and Ixodes pacificus, transmit the bacteria to humans via bites.
What are the different types of Lyme disease?
Lyme disease can take on four distinct forms, each with different symptoms: acute Lyme, subacute Lyme, chronic Lyme, and Lyme nephritis. Any of the first three types may occur initially; from there, the disease may progress to another form or remain within the same form.
What are the most common side effects of Lyme disease?
Bone pain. chills. cough. fever. muscle aches. runny or stuffy nose. shivering. skin rash, itching, redness, swelling, or other sign of irritation not present before vaccination.
What is the treatment for Lyme disease in humans?
Antibiotics are the main treatment for Lyme disease. In many cases, a two- to four-week course of oral antibiotics clears up the infection.