What is the primary organ of the urinary system?
The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra are the primary structures of the urinary system. They filter blood and remove waste from the body in the form of urine.
What organs are in the urinary line?
The layer of cells that lines the inside of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra is called the urothelium or transitional epithelium. Cells that make up this layer are called urothelial cells or transitional cells.
What muscle relaxes during urination?
The primary function of the detrusor muscle is to contract during urination to push the urine out of the bladder and into the urethra. The detrusor muscle will relax to allow the storage of urine in the urinary bladder.
What relaxes the detrusor muscle?
The detrusor muscle remains relaxed to allow the bladder to store urine, and contracts during urination to release urine….
|Actions||Sympathetic relaxes, to store urine Parasympathetic contracts, to urinate|
|Latin||musculus detrusor vesicae urinariae|
What are the four main parts of the urinary system?
The urinary system includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, two sphincter muscles, and the urethra. Consequently, what are the four main parts of the urinary system? Components of the Urinary System. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra.
Which is the most important organ in the urinary system?
Organs of the Renal / Urinary System. The renal / urinary system organs include the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Kidneys: The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs which filter blood and produce urine.. They remove wastes, control the body’s fluid balance, and keep the right levels of electrolytes .
How many organs are involved in the excretion process?
Excretion is simply a process by which the body gets rid of waste materials, such as urine, faeces, excess water and carbon dioxide. The other three organ systems responsible for excretion are the respiratory system, the digestive system and the integumentary system. The urinary system usually consists of six (6) organs: two (2) kidneys,
Where are the kidneys located in the urinary system?
3D model of urinary system. The urinary system refers to the structures that produce and transport urine to the point of excretion. In the human urinary system there are two kidneys that are located between the dorsal body wall and parietal peritoneum on both the left and right sides.
What are the structures of the urinary system?
The urinary system consists of organs, muscles, tubes, and nerves that are responsible for producing, transporting, and storing urine. The major structures of the urinary system include the kidneys, the ureters, the bladder, and the urethra.
What organ produces urine?
The Human Body Systems and Organs. The urinary system is the organ system that produces, stores, and eliminates urine. In humans it includes two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, the urethra, and the penis in males. The analogous organ in invertebrates is the nephridium.
What is the Order of the urinary system?
Verified by Expert. The correct order of the urine flow : Kidney, Ureter, Bladder, Urethra. Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that filter waste from the blood and produce urine. Ureter is the tube connecting the Kidney to the Bladder.
What is the anatomy and physiology of the urinary system?
Urinary system anatomy and physiology review. The urinary system is responsible for the production and elimination of urine when a type of waste called urea is removed from the blood. Urea is produced when protein-containing foods are broken down in the body. Urea is carried in the bloodstream to the two kidneys, where urine is formed.