What is the most common type of sickle cell disease?

What is the most common type of sickle cell disease?

Hemoglobin SS disease is the most common type of sickle cell disease. It occurs when you inherit copies of the hemoglobin S gene from both parents. This forms hemoglobin known as Hb SS. As the most severe form of SCD, individuals with this form also experience the worst symptoms at a higher rate.

What are the different types of sickle cell disease?

The types of sickle cell disease include the following: 1 Hemoglobin Sβ0 thalassemia. 2 Hemoglobin Sβ+ thalassemia. 3 Hemoglobin SC. 4 Hemoglobin SD. 5 Hemoglobin SE. 6 (more items)

How are red blood cells affected by sickle cell disease?

Sickle cell disease vs. sickle cell trait. Sickle cell disease. Sickle cell disease affects the red blood cells. People with SCD have defective hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of red blood cells. This impaired hemoglobin causes the red blood cells, which are normally flattened disks, to become crescent shaped.

Which is the most common cause of sickle cell anemia?

In sickle cell anemia, the abnormal hemoglobin causes red blood cells to become rigid, sticky and misshapen. The four main types of sickle cell anemia are caused by different mutations in these genes. Hemoglobin SS disease – Hemoglobin SS disease is the most common type of sickle cell disease.

What are the symptoms of sickle cell crisis?

Sickle cell crisis symptoms. Common symptoms associated with sickle cell disease include excruciating bone pain, chest pain, severe infections (primarily in children), low levels of circulating red blood cells (anemia) and yellowing of the skin (jaundice).

What are some diseases associated with sickle cell?

  • Stroke. Sickle cells can block blood flow to an area of your brain.
  • Acute chest syndrome.
  • Pulmonary hypertension.
  • Organ damage.
  • Blindness.
  • Leg ulcers.
  • Gallstones.
  • Priapism.
  • Pregnancy complications.

    Is sickle cell a contagious disease?

    4. It’s Not Contagious. Sickle cell anemia is a disease, but it isn’t a contagious one. Parents may pass on this disease to their children or they may not. When both parents have the genetic trait that causes the sickle cells, then there is a 1 in 4 chance that a child will develop this disease.

    How does sickle cell disease affect the body?

    Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a serious, inherited condition affecting the blood and various organs in the body. It affects the red blood cells, causing episodes of ‘sickling’, which produce episodes of pain and other symptoms.

    What is the prognosis for sickle cell disease?

    Some people with the disease can remain without symptoms for years, while others do not survive beyond infancy or early childhood. New treatments for sickle cell disease are improving life expectancy and quality of life. People with sickle cell disease can survive beyond their 50s with optimal management of the disease.