What is the mortality rate from scarlet fever in the United States today?
However, scarlet fever is no longer associated with the deadly epidemics that made it so feared in the 1800s. Since the advent of antibiotic therapy, the mortality rate for scarlet fever has been less than 1%.
How many people a year get scarlet fever?
Surprisingly, about 10% of the population will become infected by the group A strep bacteria, but only 10% of these people will develop full-blown scarlet fever. (It should be noted that these group A strep bacteria can cause other diseases and illnesses such as pink eye and strep throat).
What causes scarlet fever and what causes it?
Scarlet fever is a disease which can occur as a result of a group A streptococcus (group A strep) infection.
Which is more common scarlet fever or strep throat?
However, some infections are more common in the United States in certain seasons: Strep throat and scarlet fever are more common in the winter and spring. Impetigo is more common in the summer. Anyone can get a group A strep infection, but some infections are more common in certain age groups:
What are the long-term effects of scarlet fever?
The disease is treatable with antibiotics, which prevent most complications. Outcomes with scarlet fever are typically good if treated. Long-term complications as a result of scarlet fever include kidney disease, rheumatic heart disease, and arthritis.
What is the fatality rate for scarlet fever?
Untreated scarlet fever has a worse prognosis and before the use of antibiotics, scarlet fever had a mortality (death) rate of about 15%-20%. Currently, the mortality rate is less than 1% because of early recognition and early treatment with antibiotics.
What are the effects of scarlet fever?
However, if left untreated, scarlet fever can lead to serious complications including rheumatic fever (an inflammatory disease that can affect the heart, joints, skin, and brain), kidney damage, ear infections, skin infections, pneumonia, and sepsis.
Is scarlet fever a virus?
Scarlet fever is one of the initially viral rash associated fevers that were discovered. Others include Rubeola (measles), Rebella ( German measles ), Dukes’ disease (caused by coxsackie virus ), Fifth’s disease or erythema infectosum and roseola infantum (caused by herpes virus, HH6).
Is scarlet fever an epidemic?
Scarlet fever has afflicted mankind since the 1500s. In the United States it appeared in epidemic proportion in New England in the early 18th century. In Boston and New Hampshire whole families became sickened, and sometimes most of their members died. Scarlet fever affects the kidneys…