What is the medical term for disease of the bone and joint?

What is the medical term for disease of the bone and joint?

Arthritis is a general term for conditions that affect the joints and surrounding tissues. Joints are places in the body where bones come together, such as the knees, wrists, fingers, toes, and hips. Two common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

What is the bone disease called?

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, makes too little bone, or both. As a result, bones become weak and may break from a fall or, in serious cases, from sneezing or minor bumps. Osteoporosis means “porous bone.” Viewed under a microscope, healthy bone looks like a honeycomb.

Which disease affect the joints?

Arthritis is a disease that affects the joints. There are many types of arthritis, all of which can cause pain and reduce mobility. Some forms of arthritis result from natural wear and tear. Other types come from autoimmune diseases or inflammatory conditions.

What are common signs and symptoms of bone and joint disease?

Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

  • Pain. Affected joints might hurt during or after movement.
  • Stiffness. Joint stiffness might be most noticeable upon awakening or after being inactive.
  • Tenderness.
  • Loss of flexibility.
  • Grating sensation.
  • Bone spurs.
  • Swelling.

Which is the most common bone and joint disease?

1 Osteoarthritis. The most common type, osteoarthritis is the “wear-and-tear” form that increases with age. 2 Rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition affect the lining of the joints. 3 Spondyloarthritis. 4 Juvenile idiopathic arthritis. 5 Lupus. 6 Gout. 7 Bursitis. …

How are bone diseases related to your health?

Bones provide storage for minerals like calcium and release a hormone that helps control blood sugar levels. With all the ways bones contribute to good health, bone diseases can disrupt your entire body. Since the joints are made up of two bones coming together, or articulating, there’s a lot of overlap between their diseases.

What kind of arthritis affects hands and feet?

Enteropathic arthritis is a possible complication of inflammatory bowel diseases like ulcerative colitis. Psoriatic arthritis, which is associated with the skin condition psoriasis, tends to affect the joints of the hands and feet. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

What is the medical term for blood within a joint?

A medical term for the condition commonly known as a bunion is ___. hem arthr -osis hemarthrosis is blood within a joint. oste/o chondr -oma An osteochondroma is a benign bony projection covered with cartilage. oste/o -malacia

What are the diseases of the skeletal system?

Diseases affecting the skeletal system break down the bones or connecting tissues that allow the system to protect the body and function properly. Common skeletal system diseases include bursitis , arthritis and osteoporosis.

What are bone disorders?

Bone disorder: condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of the bones.

What is the difference between osteoarthritis and arthritis?

Arthritis is normally referred to as rheumatoid arthritis which is autoimmune and inflammatory in origin affecting all synovial joints whereas osteoarthritis is a degenerative disorder affecting mostly the large joints.

What are skeletal muscle disorders?

There are a variety of different skeletal muscle diseases, each of which carries its own unique set of symptoms. Some of the most common diseases affecting the skeletal muscles include muscular dystrophy, fibromyalgia, and cerebral palsy. Additional diseases of the skeletal muscle include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and myasthenia gravis.