What is the genus and species which is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis?

What is the genus and species which is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis?

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as human herpes virus 4, is a widely disseminated double stranded DNA herpesvirus. It is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis (“mono” or “glandular fever”).

What is the scientific name for mononucleosis?

Infectious mononucleosis, also called “mono,” is a contagious disease. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the most common cause of infectious mononucleosis, but other viruses can also cause this disease. It is common among teenagers and young adults, especially college students.

What classification is mononucleosis?

The designation “mononucleosis” refers to an increase in a particular type of mononuclear white blood cells (lymphocytes) in the bloodstream relative to the other white blood cells as a result of the viral infection. Scientifically, EBV is classified as a member of the herpesvirus family.

Is Epstein-Barr DNA or RNA?

Like other herpesviruses, EBV is a DNA virus with a toroid-shaped protein core that is wrapped with DNA, a nucleocapsid with 162 capsomers, a protein tegument between the nucleocapsid and the envelope, and an outer envelope with external virus-encoded glycoprotein spikes (Liebowitz & Kieff, 1993).

Is Epstein-Barr virus an STD?

Technically, yes, mono can be considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI). But that’s not to say that all cases of mono are STIs. Mono, or infectious mononucleosis as you might hear your doctor call it, is a contagious disease caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). EBV is a member of the herpesvirus family.

What are the signs and symptoms of infectious mononucleosis?

Infectious Mononucleosis (“Mono”) Typical symptoms of infectious mononucleosis include—. extreme fatigue. fever. sore throat. head and body aches. swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits. swollen liver or spleen or both.

Who is most likely to get mono from EBV?

EBV can cause infectious mononucleosis, also called mono, and other illnesses. Most people will get infected with EBV in their lifetime and will not have any symptoms. Mono caused by EBV is most common among teens and adults.

What kind of virus only infects humans?

A genus of viruses that only infects cells in humans and new world monkeys. Species: Human Herpesvirus 4-. A species of virus that infects humans only and causes infectious mononucleosis.

What is the New Order of herpesviruses?

Herpesvirales is a brand new order that contains all herpesviruses. ICTV just classified three families under this new order, including breaking down the Herpesviridae family into two other families. This order organizes all herpesviruses into one category making it easy to see evolutionary paths and relatedness of two or more viruses.

What kind of virus causes mononucleosis in humans?

Epstein–Barr virus. About 90% of cases of infectious mononucleosis are caused by the Epstein–Barr virus, a member of the Herpesviridae family of DNA viruses. It is one of the most commonly found viruses throughout the world.

What are the symptoms of infectious mononucleosis in children?

Most people are infected by the virus as children, when the disease produces few or no symptoms. In young adults, the disease often results in fever, sore throat, enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, and tiredness.

Can a person get mono from an EBV infection?

EBV can cause infectious mononucleosis, also called mono, and other illnesses. Most people will get infected with EBV in their lifetime and will not have any symptoms.

How long does the incubation period for mononucleosis last?

The incubation period refers to how long before your symptoms appear after being exposed to the virus. Signs and symptoms such as a fever and sore throat usually lessen within a couple of weeks. But fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes and a swollen spleen may last for a few weeks longer.