What is the causes of muscular dystrophy?

What is the causes of muscular dystrophy?

In most cases, muscular dystrophy (MD) runs in families. It usually develops after inheriting a faulty gene from one or both parents. MD is caused by mutations (alterations) in the genes responsible for healthy muscle structure and function.

What is muscular dystrophy and how does it affect the body?

Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases that damage and weaken your muscles over time. This damage and weakness is due to the lack of a protein called dystrophin, which is necessary for normal muscle function. The absence of this protein can cause problems with walking, swallowing, and muscle coordination.

What are the symptoms and causes of muscular dystrophy?

Muscular dystrophy 1 Overview. Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass. 2 Symptoms. The main sign of muscular dystrophy is progressive muscle weakness. 3 Causes. Certain genes are involved in making proteins that protect muscle fibers. 4 Risk factors. 5 Complications. …

Can a new genetic mutation cause muscular dystrophy?

Occasionally, the genetic mutation that causes muscular dystrophy can develop as a new event in a family. This is known as a spontaneous mutation.

What causes muscular dystrophy on the X chromosome?

Although most forms of muscular dystrophy are caused by a mutation on the X chromosome influencing production of a protein called dystrophin — a protein needed to build and repair muscles — the different types of the condition each have their own set of unique genetic mutations. Here are the common genetic mutations that cause muscular dystrophy:

How does muscular dystrophy affect the synaptic system?

Synaptic Function: Muscle weakness and degeneration due to muscular dystrophy affects the synaptic function. Some studies conclude the presence of myasthenia like synaptic dysfunction in cases of muscular dystrophy. Effect On EEG: Progressive muscular dystrophy has an impact on the brain function and that is directly diagnosed through EEG.

What parts of the body does muscular dystrophy affect?

Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited disease that causes degeneration and weakness of muscles over the time. It affects mostly voluntary muscles of the body which control the movement of the body parts. It can affect muscles of eyes and face. In severe cases, it affects heart, respiratory and spinal muscles.

How does muscular dystrophy affect the nervous system?

The Major Forms of Muscular Dystrophy. The name refers to a symptom, myotonia — prolonged spasm or stiffening of muscles after use. This symptom is usually worse in cold temperatures. The disease causes muscle weakness and also affects the central nervous system, heart, gastrointestinal tract, eyes, and hormone-producing glands.

How does muscular dystrophy (MD) affect muscles?

Although muscular dystrophy (MD) can affect several body tissues and organs, it most prominently affects the integrity of muscle fibers. The disease causes muscle degeneration, progressive weakness, fiber death, fiber branching and splitting, phagocytosis (in which muscle fiber material is broken down and destroyed by scavenger cells), and, in some cases, chronic or permanent shortening of tendons and muscles.

What is it like to have muscular dystrophy?

Muscular dystrophy is a group of over 30 conditions that lead to muscle weakness and degeneration. As the condition progresses, it becomes harder to move. In some cases, it can affect breathing and heart function, leading to life-threatening complications.