What is rinderpest?

What is rinderpest?

Rinderpest, or cattle plague, is a contagious and highly-fatal disease of cattle, buffaloes, yaks and many other artiodactyls (even-toed ungulates), both domesticated and wild. Vulnerable animals include swine, giraffes and kudus.

Is rinderpest an infectious disease?

Rinderpest (also cattle plague or steppe murrain) was an infectious viral disease of cattle, domestic buffalo, and many other species of even-toed ungulates, including gaurs, buffaloes, large antelope, deer, giraffes, wildebeests, and warthogs.

Who spread rinderpest?

Rinderpest is spread between animals by direct contact. The virus can be in secretions from the eyes, nose, or mouth, and the feces, urine, blood, milk, or reproductive fluids of infected animals. The virus may also be spread by fomites such as contaminated equipment, feed troughs and watering tanks.

Which cattle disease has been eradicated from the world?

Rinderpest
Paris/Rome, 22 November 2018 – Two international agencies have urged countries to remain vigilant about the possible re-emergence of the deadly cattle disease called Rinderpest. Rinderpest was declared eradicated in 2011, making it the first animal disease to be eliminated in the history of humankind.

Is there a cure for rinderpest?

There is no known treatment for rinderpest virus infection; this, combined with the high rates of illness, accounts for the devastating nature of the disease. As soon as an outbreak is suspected, animals that were exposed to others with rinderpest must be quarantined.

Is there a vaccine for rinderpest?

TCRV was one of the finest vaccines ever developed in human or veterinary medicine. It protected against all clades of rinderpest virus, provided lifelong immunity to cattle, was never associated with any adverse reactions, and a single tissue culture infectious dose was immunogenic.

Does rinderpest still exist?

Rinderpest is the second infectious disease, after smallpox, to have been eradicated. However, potentially infectious rinderpest virus material remains widely disseminated among research and diagnostic facilities across the world and poses a risk for disease recurrence should it be released.

What does rinderpest do to animals infected with it?

Rinderpest – also known as cattle plague – was a disease caused by the rinderpest virus which primarily infected cattle and buffalo. Infected animals suffered from symptoms such as fever, wounds in the mouth, diarrhea, discharge from the nose and eyes, and eventually death.

What disease Cannot be eradicated?

Non-infectious diseases, such as heart disease or cancer, cannot be eradicated. Without an effective treatment against a disease there is no possibility of eradicating it….

Disease Rubella
Burden of disease 6,789 reported cases to WHO in 2017
Cause Rubella virus
Ways to eradicate Vaccination
Fatality Not reported

What kind of disease is rinderpest in cattle?

Rinderpest, also called steppe murrain, cattle plague, or contagious bovine typhus, an acute, highly contagious viral disease of ruminant animals, primarily cattle, that was once common in Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and the Middle East.

What kind of disease was rinderpest in the Middle East?

Rinderpest. Rinderpest, also called steppe murrain, cattle plague, or contagious bovine typhus, an acute, highly contagious viral disease of ruminant animals, primarily cattle, that was once common in Africa, the Indian subcontinent, and the Middle East. Rinderpest was a devastating affliction of livestock and wildlife,…

What are the symptoms of the rinderpest virus?

Rinderpest – also known as cattle plague – was a disease caused by the rinderpest virus which primarily infected cattle and buffalo. 1 Infected animals suffered from symptoms such as fever, wounds in the mouth, diarrhea, discharge from the nose and eyes, and eventually death.

How does rinderpest affect humans and other animals?

Rinderpest is not known to infect humans, but its effect on cattle and other animals has had a tremendous impact on human livelihoods and food security, due to its ability to wipe out entire herds of cattle in a matter of days. Where did rinderpest come from and where did it strike?