What happens to the cells during stomach cancer?
In this condition, the cells that normally line the stomach are replaced by cells that look like the cells that usually line the intestine. People with this condition often have chronic atrophic gastritis as well.
What infectious organisms cause stomach cancer?
Infection with H. pylori causes chronic inflammation and significantly increases the risk of developing duodenal and gastric ulcer disease and gastric cancer. Infection with H. pylori is the strongest known risk factor for gastric cancer, which is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide.
Who does stomach cancer affect most?
Stomach cancer occurs most commonly in people older than 55. Most people diagnosed with stomach cancer are in their 60s and 70s. Gender. Men are twice as likely to develop stomach cancer as women.
What is the name of germ that causes stomach cancer?
A common kind of bacteria called Helicobacter pylori, or H. pylori, can cause an infection in your stomach that sometimes leads to ulcers. It also can raise your risk of stomach cancer.
How does stomach cancer spread to other organs?
Afterwards the stomach cancer can invade through the stomach wall and enter the blood stream or lymph nodes. This allows stomach cancer cells to spread into nearby organs such as the pancreas and bowel and other parts of the human body. CLICK HERE TO SEE AVAILABLE TRIALS.
What causes cancer in the stomach and esophagus?
Diffuse stomach cancer sometimes has a genetic cause. This type of stomach cancer affects the first part of the stomach and often extends into the area where the stomach and esophagus meet, known as the gastroesophageal junction. Risk factors for this type of cancer include obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Can a stomach ulcer lead to stomach cancer?
Stomach cancer is commonly referred to as gastric cancer and can develop in any part of this organ. The symptoms of stomach cancer are not well defined – however, loss of appetite and weight loss are sometimes indicators. Stomach ulcers are not necessarily risk factors for the development of stomach cancer.
What are the risk factors for stomach cancer?
A deficiency in the dietary mineral, selenium, may also increase the risk. Eating a diet high in fruits and vegetables (particularly beta-carotene and vitamin C) can decrease this risk. Stomach cancer is more common among Asians, Pacific Islanders, Hispanics, and African Americans than Caucasians.
What causes cancer in the stomach?
There are no known exact causes of stomach cancer. Things that increase the risk of gastric cancer include peptic ulcers caused by H. pylori bacteria, inflammation of the stomach, smoking, a family history of stomach cancer, and a lack of exercise, a poor diet and obesity.
Is stomach cancer usually fatal?
Yes, stomach cancers are often fatal. However, if caught early, chances of survival are vastly improved. Otherwise, stomach cancer patients have some of the lowest 5-year survival rates among cancer patients (17–18% are alive 5 years post diagnosis).
What are the side effects of cancer treatment?
Research indicates the most common side effects cancer that people experience due to the disease and cancer treatment include: Fatigue. Hair loss. Anemia. Gastrointestinal problems (like nausea or changes in your bowel habits) Pain, and infection, among others.
What are the treatments for stomach cancer?
Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy are the most common treatments for stomach cancer. Currently, surgery offers the only cure for the disease. During surgery, your doctor will remove all or part of the stomach. Nearby lymph nodes may also have to be removed.