What do you call an infection of the heart valve?

What do you call an infection of the heart valve?

Bacteria are all around us, and many live on different parts of our body. But if you have heart problems, bacteria in your bloodstream can attach to damaged tissue and cause an infection called endocarditis. The inner lining of your heart and surface of its valves is called the endocardium.

Is there a noninfective form of prosthetic valve endocarditis?

Prosthetic valve endocarditis is acute infective endocarditis in a heart valve that has been replaced (prosthetic valve). Endocarditis can also be noninfective. In noninfective endocarditis, blood clots that do not contain microorganisms form on heart valves and adjacent endocardium.

What happens when bacteria grows on heart valves?

If bacteria begins to grow on the valves (this occurs most often in people with already diseased heart valves), it is difficult to fight the infection, whether through the body’s own immune system or through medications that rely on the blood system for delivery.

What kind of infection is infective endocarditis ( IE )?

What is infective endocarditis? Infective endocarditis (IE), also called bacterial endocarditis (BE), is an infection caused by bacteria that enter the bloodstream and settle in the heart lining, a heart valve or a blood vessel. IE is uncommon, but people with some heart conditions have a greater risk of developing it.

What causes inflammation of the heart and valves?

Endocarditis Endocarditis is a life-threatening inflammation of the inner lining of your heart’s chambers and valves (endocardium). Endocarditis is usually caused by an infection. Bacteria, fungi or other germs from another part of your body, such as your mouth, spread through your bloodstream and attach to damaged areas in your heart.

What kind of infection does the heart have?

Bacterial endocarditis is a bacterial infection of the inner layer of the heart or the heart valves. The heart has 4 valves. These valves help the blood flow through the heart and lungs and out to the body.

If bacteria begins to grow on the valves (this occurs most often in people with already diseased heart valves), it is difficult to fight the infection, whether through the body’s own immune system or through medications that rely on the blood system for delivery.

Why are artificial heart valves more susceptible to infection?

Artificial heart valves. Germs are more likely to attach to an artificial (prosthetic) heart valve than to a normal heart valve. Congenital heart defects. If you were born with certain types of heart defects, such as an irregular heart or abnormal heart valves, your heart may be more susceptible to infection.