What do scientists think caused the Black Death?

What do scientists think caused the Black Death?

Scientists now believe the plague spread too fast for rats to be the culprits. Rats have long been blamed for spreading the Black Death around Europe in the 14th century. Specifically, historians have speculated that the fleas on rats are responsible for the estimated 25 million plague deaths between 1347 and 1351.

Who was to blame for the Black Death?

Black rats may not have been to blame for numerous outbreaks of the bubonic plague across Europe, a study suggests. Scientists believe repeat epidemics of the Black Death, which arrived in Europe in the mid-14th Century, instead trace back to gerbils from Asia.

How did scientists get the Black Death DNA?

In 1992, a Colorado veterinarian died from a more recent strain, one that scientists used heavily in their study. To get the original Black Death DNA, scientists played dentist to dozens of skeletons. During the epidemic in the 14th Century, about 2,500 London-area victims of the disease were buried near the Tower of London.

Are there any problems with the Black Death theory?

The most obvious problem with the plague theory is that, unlike bubonic plague, the Black Death obviously spread directly from person to person. People in the thick of the epidemic recognised this, and Scott and Duncan proved they were right by tracing the anatomy of outbreaks, person by person,…

What was the genetic code of the Black Death?

(CBS/AP) Using DNA taken from centuries-old skeletons, scientists have cracked the genetic code of the bacterium that caused the Black Death, one of history’s worst plagues. They found that the germ, Yersinia pestis, is almost identical to germs that are around today.

What are some interesting facts about the Black Death?

Interesting Black Death Facts: 1-10. 1. Black Death was a plague epidemic that swept across Europe between 1348 and 1353, killing nearly 25 to 60% of the entire population of Europe. Some historians however claim that the plague wiped out nearly 2/3rd of the entire European population. 2. The plague reached Europe through the sea in October 1348.

What does the Black Death cause?

The Black Death is believed to have been the result of plague, an infectious fever caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis . The disease was likely transmitted from rodents to humans by the bite of infected fleas.

How many people got the Black Death?

The Black Death is believed to have killed somewhere between 75 million and 200 million people. Since then, the Bubonic Plague has returned many times and killed many millions more.

What is the origin of the Black Death?

The Black Death is thought to have originated in the dry plains of Central Asia, where it travelled along the Silk Road , reaching Crimea by 1343. From there, it was most likely carried by fleas living on the black rats that traveled on all merchant ships, spreading throughout the Mediterranean Basin