What diseases are spread by indirect contact?
Diseases that are typically spread by inhalation of medium sized droplets include bacteria (e.g., Neisseria meningitidis [a cause of bacterial meningitis] and Streptococcus) and viruses (e.g., many viruses causing the common cold, laryngitis, tracheitis and also influenza viruses).
What are two direct causes of disease?
- Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.
- Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
What kind of diseases are spread by direct contact?
These are diseases caused by microorganisms that are spread by person-to-person contact or indirect contact with contaminated objects. Conjunctivitis (Pink-eye) Creutzfeldt-Jacob (CJD) Ebola Virus Disease. Erythema Infectiosum (Fifth disease) Impetigo. Pediculosis (Head lice) Polio.
What are diseases caused by airborne and direct contact?
Airborne and Direct Contact Diseases Include: Acute Flaccid Myelitis – A rare but serious condition that affects the spinal cord and causes muscles and reflexes to become weak. Anthrax – A serious disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, a bacterium that forms spores. A bacterium is a very small organism made up of one cell.
How are infectious diseases spread from person to person?
Infectious diseases are often spread through direct contact. Types of direct contact include: 1. Person-to-person contact Infectious diseases are commonly transmitted through direct person-to-person contact. Transmission occurs when an infected person touches or exchanges body fluids with someone else.
Which is the most common form of disease transmission?
Contact transmission is the most common form of transmitting diseases and virus. There are two types of contact transmission: direct and indirect. Direct contact transmission occurs when there is physical contact between an infected person and a susceptible person. Indirect contact transmission occurs when there is no direct human-to-human contact.
Are all infectious disorders transmitted by direct contact?
Infectious diseases are transmitted from person to person by direct or indirect contact. Certain types of viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi can all cause infectious disease . Malaria, measles, and respiratory illnesses are examples of infectious diseases.
What are the 5 methods of disease transmission?
There are five main routes of disease transmission: aerosol, direct contact, fomite, oral and vector, Bickett- Weddle explained at the 2010 Western Veterinary Conference.
What is direct contact infection?
Direct contact infections spread when disease-causing microorganisms pass from the infected person to the healthy person via direct physical contact with blood or body fluids. Examples of direct contact are touching, kissing, sexual contact, contact with oral secretions, or contact with body lesions.
What does direct contact do?
direct contact. Transmission of a communicable disease from the host to a healthy person by way of body fluids (e.g., respiratory droplets, blood, or semen), cutaneous contact, or placental transmission. direct. without intervening steps.