What disease is associated with low sodium?

What disease is associated with low sodium?

Hyponatremia (Low Level of Sodium in the Blood) In hyponatremia, the level of sodium in blood is too low. A low sodium level has many causes, including consumption of too many fluids, kidney failure, heart failure, cirrhosis, and use of diuretics. Symptoms result from brain dysfunction.

What happens if your sodium is low?

Low blood sodium is common in older adults, especially those who are hospitalized or living in long-term care facilities. Signs and symptoms of hyponatremia can include altered personality, lethargy and confusion. Severe hyponatremia can cause seizures, coma and even death.

How do you fix low sodium levels?

Treatment for low blood sodium

  1. cutting back on fluid intake.
  2. adjusting the dosage of diuretics.
  3. taking medications for symptoms such as headaches, nausea, and seizures.
  4. treating underlying conditions.
  5. infusing an intravenous (IV) sodium solution.

What causes low sodium levels in the blood?

Medications that are prescribed to treat high blood pressure or fluid retention, called diuretics, can lead to low sodium levels. Kidney diseases, congestive heart failure (deterioration of the heart’s ability to pump blood), burns, cirrhosis of the liver, and the effects of cancer treatment also can bring on low sodium levels.

What are long term effects of low sodium?

What causes brain swelling with low sodium levels?

Unfortunately, disorders like subarachnoid hemorrhage, brain tumors, stroke, and meningitis can all cause hyponatremia, and thereby worsened brain swelling. The way they do this is by altering normal hormonal control of water and sodium levels in the body.

What are the symptoms of a sodium deficiency?

One of the neurological symptoms of sodium deficiency is confusion. When you don’t have enough sodium in your system, water begins to enter your brain cells, which then swell up as a result. As your brain cells become larger, the pressure in your skull also increases, squeezing your brain in the process.

What medications cause low sodium levels?

Monitor Drugs. Certain medications can lead to an imbalance in sodium levels. If you regularly take diuretics, chlorpromazine, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or the party drug Ecstasy, as well as some other medications, you may develop low sodium levels.

What are the symptoms and causes of low sodium?

Headache, nausea, weakness, confusion or lack of energy are typical symptoms of low sodium, also called hyponatremia . However, you may not experience any symptoms. Hyponatremia is caused by several diseases that affect water and sodium levels.

What are the dangers of low sodium levels?

A low level of blood sodium is a sign that your body’s concentration of electrolytes has changed. This condition, which is called hyponatremia , can lead to several dangerous health problems. Early signs of low sodium levels are difficult to diagnose, but can progress to cause brain swelling, brain damage and possibly death when left untreated.

What to do if you have low sodium levels?

Intravenous Fluids. Intravenous fluids in the form of isotonic saline are used to treat more severe cases of low sodium levels. An isotonic saline solution has a similar concentration of saline, or salt, as the concentration of saline in body fluids. This helps stabilize sodium levels.