What causes retardation of growth?

What causes retardation of growth?

Common causes of growth failure include genetic background, intrauterine disease, malnutrition, chronic illness and hormonal disorders; some cases are attributed to mental retardation or primary central nervous system disease.

What are the causes growth retardation in child?

A growth delay occurs when a child isn’t growing at the normal rate for their age. The delay may be caused by an underlying health condition, such as growth hormone deficiency or hypothyroidism. In some cases, early treatment can help a child reach a normal or near-normal height.

What nutritional deficiency causes stunted growth?

It has been reported that the 2 most common deficiencies seen in generally healthy children are iron and vitamin D deficiencies[3]. Classical nutrient deficiencies lead to stunting (energy, protein and zinc), rickets (vitamin D) and other bone abnormalities (copper, zinc, vitamin C)[7,8].

What is GH deficiency?

Growth hormone deficiency (GHD), also known as dwarfism or pituitary dwarfism, is a condition caused by insufficient amounts of growth hormone in the body. Children with GHD have abnormally short stature with normal body proportions. GHD can be present at birth (congenital) or develop later (acquired).

How are growth disorders treated?

The most common treatment for growth hormone deficiency in both children and adults is growth hormone therapy—injections of growth hormone into the body. Growth hormone—known as somatotropin—can be injected by the patient or a family member (if it’s a child with growth hormone deficiency).

What stimulates growth in children?

The pituitary gland makes growth hormone, which stimulates the growth of bone and other tissues. Children who have too little of it may be very short. Treatment with growth hormone can stimulate growth.

Does vitamin D deficiency affect growth?

Insufficient vitamin D can stunt growth and foster weight gain during puberty, according to a new study. Even in sun-drenched California vitamin D deficiency was found to cause higher body mass and shorter stature in girls at the peak of their growing spurt.

How do I know if I have GH deficiency?

A person who has too little adult growth hormone will have symptoms that include: A higher level of body fat, especially around the waist. Anxiety and depression. Decreased sexual function and interest.

Which is the most common cause of prenatal growth retardation?

Prenatal growth deficiency or intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) can be due to numerous causes, both genetic and acquired. Mechanical late gestational constraint has been emphasized as the most common cause of prenatal growth deficiency (3).

What happens to the body with growth retardation?

Growth deficiency begins immediately postnatally, and structural abnormalities involve odontoid hyplasia with atlantoaxial instability (242), shortening and anterior inferior beaking of lower thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, a prominent sternum, acetabular dysplasia, and narrowed sciatic notches.

What causes a child to not grow at a normal rate?

A growth delay occurs when a child isn’t growing at the normal rate for their age. The delay may be caused by an underlying health condition, such as growth hormone deficiency or hypothyroidism.

What is the medical term for growth hormone deficiency?

Congenital GHD is a result of genetic error and may be associated with defects in the structure of the or with midline facial defects such as a cleft palate or single central incisor. GHD IA is an autosomal recessive condition and is characterised by retardation in growth in utero.

What are the genetic defects of growth hormone deficiency?

Several genetic defects have been identified: Growth hormone deficiency IA is autosomal recessive and is characterized by growth retardation in utero. Affected children are small in relation to their siblings.

A growth delay occurs when a child isn’t growing at the normal rate for their age. The delay may be caused by an underlying health condition, such as growth hormone deficiency or hypothyroidism.

Are there racial differences in growth hormone deficiency?

There is no apparent racial difference in the incidence of GHD. However, the National Cooperative Growth Study (NCGS), Genentech’s now closed large North American database, revealed that 85% of patients receiving GH treatment for idiopathic GHD were white, 6% were black, and 2% were Asian.

Is the growth hormone deficiency IB autosomal recessive?

Growth Hormone Deficiency IB is also autosomal recessive and is similar to IA. However, there is some growth hormone (GH) present in the child at birth and usually the child continues to respond to hGH treatments.