What are the top 5 non communicable diseases?

What are the top 5 non communicable diseases?

Non-Communicable Diseases

  • Alzheimer’s.
  • Asthma.
  • Cataracts.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease.
  • Chronic Lung Disease.
  • Diabetes.
  • Fibromyalgia.
  • Heart Disease.

Why non communicable diseases are more dangerous?

They include age, gender, genetics, exposure to air pollution, and behaviors such as smoking, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity which can lead to hypertension and obesity, in turn leading to increased risk of many NCDs. Most NCDs are considered preventable because they are caused by modifiable risk factors.

What are the top 3 non communicable diseases in the US?

Four main NCDs are responsible for the greatest burden: cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and chronic respiratory diseases. diet, insufficient physical activity, and harmful use of alcohol.

What is the #1 non communicable disease in the US?

Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million), globally. These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.

Which is an example of a non communicable disease?

Non-communicable Disease. Non-infectious are non-communicable diseases and caused by a variety of reasons. Some of the reasons for the non-infectious disease are genetics, nutritional deficiency, age and sex of the individual and so on. Examples include cancer, diabetes, and hypertension.

How many people die from non communicable diseases each year?

Each year, non-communicable diseases claim 41 million lives: That’s about 70 per cent of all global deaths. While non-communicable diseases tend to manifest in adulthood, many have their origins in behaviours adopted during childhood and adolescence.

Which is a noninfectious disease that cannot be spread?

A noncommunicable disease is a noninfectious health condition that cannot be spread from person to person. It also lasts for a long period of time. This is also known as a chronic disease.

Which is the leading communicable disease in the world?

Unhealthy diets and a lack of physical activity may show up in people as raised blood pressure, increased blood glucose, elevated blood lipids and obesity. These are called metabolic risk factors that can lead to cardiovascular disease, the leading NCD in terms of premature deaths.

What are some examples of non communicable diseases?

Examples of non-communicable diseases include diabetes, Alzheimer’s, cancer, osteoporosis, chronic lung disease, stroke, and heart disease. Almost four-fifths of all deaths from non-communicable diseases occur in developing countries. Non-communicable diseases, also known as NCDs are non-infectious medical diseases or conditions.

What are the risk factors of non communicable diseases?

Risk Factors of NCD: Some risk factors of non-communicable diseases include the environment, lifestyle or background such as the genetics, age, exposure to air pollution or gender of a person.

What are the 5 communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases include malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, infant’s diarrhoea, measles and poliomyelitis diseases are passed on to people who are not already affected by it. To collect this data we use mortality rates, morbidity rates, disease incidence, disease prevalence and disability adjusted life…

What is the most communicable disease?

The top five most contagious infectious diseases include respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis and malaria. Respiratory tract infections, especially lower respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia are considered the most contagious and deadly.