What are the eye complications of diabetes?
Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems that can affect people with diabetes. These conditions include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataracts, and glaucoma. Over time, diabetes can cause damage to your eyes that can lead to poor vision or even blindness.
What causes diabetic eye disease?
Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes, caused by high blood sugar levels damaging the back of the eye (retina). It can cause blindness if left undiagnosed and untreated. However, it usually takes several years for diabetic retinopathy to reach a stage where it could threaten your sight.
Can diabetes cause eye infections?
People with type 1 diabetes are more than 60 per cent more likely to get conjunctivitis than those without the condition, according to a study of almost one million people.
What are the three types of diabetes mellitus?
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant).
What kind of eye condition can diabetic retinopathy cause?
Diabetic retinopathy can lead to other serious eye conditions: Diabetic macular edema (DME) . Over time, about half of people with diabetic retinopathy will develop DME. DME happens when blood vessels in the retina leak fluid, causing swelling in the macula (a part of the retina).
What happens if you have diabetes and have glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve—the bundle of nerves that connects the eye to the brain. Diabetes doubles the chances of having glaucoma, which can lead to vision loss and blindness if not treated early. Symptoms depend on which type of glaucoma you have.
Which is the most common cause of vision loss for people with diabetes?
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss for people with diabetes. But diabetes can also make you more likely to develop several other eye conditions:
How does diabetes affect the optic nerve in the eye?
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve—the bundle of nerves that connects the eye to the brain. Diabetes doubles the chances of having glaucoma, which can lead to vision loss and blindness if not treated early.
What does diabetes have to do with my eyes?
Diabetes affects your eyes when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. In the short term, you are not likely to have vision loss from high blood glucose. People sometimes have blurry vision for a few days or weeks when they’re changing their diabetes care plan or medicines.
What to know about diabetic eye health?
Main diabetic eye disease conditions Diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that results from damage to the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood to the retina. Diabetic macular edema. Diabetic macular edema is another common diabetic eye disease. Glaucoma. This is another very common diabetic eye disease. Cataracts.
What does a diabetic eye look like?
Blurry vision is often one of the first warning signs of diabetes. Your vision may be blurry because fluid is leaking into the lens of your eye. This makes the lens swell and change shape. Those changes make it hard for your eyes to focus, so things start to look fuzzy.
What diseases are related to diabetes?
Related conditions. There are a number of conditions associated with diabetes; these include coeliac disease, thyroid disease, polycystic ovary syndrome , diabetes insipidus, necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum, mastopathy, muscular conditions, and dental health complications. Diabetes can also increase your risk of developing certain types of cancer.