What are 3 major lung diseases and their causes?

What are 3 major lung diseases and their causes?

The most common lung diseases include:

  • Asthma.
  • Collapse of part or all of the lung (pneumothorax or atelectasis)
  • Swelling and inflammation in the main passages (bronchial tubes) that carry air to the lungs (bronchitis)
  • COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
  • Lung cancer.
  • Lung infection (pneumonia)

What kind of diseases can you get from smoking?

When cigarette smoke is inhaled, chemicals from the smoke are absorbed in the lungs. As a result, smoking: l l l causes lung diseases, including the majority of cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); makes chronic lung diseases more severe; and increases the risk for respiratory infections.

Which is the most common lung disease caused by smoking?

Asthma is a chronic lung disease that makes it harder to move air in and out of your lungs—otherwise known as “breathing.” Because cigarette smoke irritates air passages, it can trigger sudden and severe asthma attacks. Asthma is a serious health condition that affects close to 25 million Americans.

How does smoking affect the risk of respiratory diseases?

Smoking and Respiratory Diseases 1 Facts about smoking and respiratory diseases. 2 Smokers increase their risk of lung disease,… 3 Secondhand smoke is smoke that is exhaled by smokers… 4 How does cigar smoking affect a person’s risk…

What are the symptoms of different lung diseases?

The signs and symptoms of different types of lung diseases may vary. Common signs and symptoms include : Persistent cough with sputum and/or hemoptysis (coughing up blood) Difficulty breathing (dyspnea) Abnormal breathing sounds. Pallor (paleness of the skin) or cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the lips and skin)

What are the long term effects of tobacco?

Here are some of the dangerous long-term effects of smoking: One of the most well-known long-term effects of smoking is cancer, and smoking can cause cancer of the lungs, the mouth, throat, stomach, pancreas, kidneys, bladder, and the cervix.

What are the effects of smoking on the respiratory system?

The effects of tobacco smoke on the respiratory system include: Irritation of the trachea (windpipe) and larynx (voice box). Reduced lung function and breathlessness due to swelling and narrowing of the lung airways and excess mucus in the lung passages.

Does smoking affect kidney function?

Cigarette smoking also affects your cardiovascular system, leading to poor blood flow to the kidney and damage over time. There is also evidence that heavy metals found in cigarette smoke (such as lead and cadmium) have direct toxicity to kidney function.