What are 2 causes of polymyositis?

What are 2 causes of polymyositis?

Causes and Risk Factors for Polymyositis

  • Autoimmune conditions such as: Lupus. Rheumatoid arthritis. Scleroderma. Sjogren’s syndrome.
  • Viral infections like HIV and AIDS.
  • Diseases that affect your ability to breathe.

Can inflammatory myopathy be prevented?

Myopathy Prevention There are no known ways to prevent myopathy. Muscle inflammation may be caused by an allergic reaction, exposure to a toxic substance or medicine, another disease such as cancer or rheumatic conditions, or a virus or other infectious agent.

Who is most likely to get polymyositis?

Polymyositis most commonly affects adults in their 30s, 40s or 50s. It’s more common in blacks than in whites, and women are affected more often than men. Signs and symptoms usually develop gradually, over weeks or months.

What triggers polymyositis?

Experts think that polymyositis may be related to or triggered by a virus or an autoimmune reaction. An autoimmune reaction is when the body attacks its own tissues. In some cases, a medicine may lead to an allergic response that causes muscle irritation and damage.

How do you know if you have myopathy?

The common symptoms of myopathy are muscle weakness, impaired function in activities of daily life, and, rarely, muscle pain and tenderness. Significant muscle pain and tenderness without weakness should prompt consideration of other causes.

How long can you live with polymyositis?

With early treatment for polymyositis, remission is possible. The 5-year survival rate for adults with polymyositis, according to Merck Manual, is 75 to 80%. Death may result from consequences of severe and progressive muscle weakness. People who have cardiac or pulmonary involvement seem to have a worse prognosis.

How did I get myositis?

Viral infections are the most common infections causing myositis. Rarely, bacteria, fungi, or other organisms can cause myositis as well. Viruses or bacteria may invade muscle tissue directly, or release substances that damage muscle fibers.

What medications can cause polymyositis?

Among the drugs that have been suspected of contributing to myositis are carticaine (a local anesthetic), penicillamine (a drug used to lower copper levels in the body), interferon-alpha (mostly used to treat cancer and hepatitis), cimetidine (used to treat ulcers), carbimazole (to treat thyroid disease),…

Can you be cured of polymyositis?

There’s no cure for this ongoing (chronic) condition, but there are treatments that can help with symptoms. No one knows the exact cause of polymyositis. But doctors do know that it’s an autoimmune condition, which means the body can attack its own tissues. This is what causes the problems.

Do people die from polymyositis?

Children die from polymyositis when the blood vessels that supply bowel suffer from inflammation. Cancer patients, who have Polymyositis, die from cancer rather than of Polymyositis. However, if polymyositis affects or weakens the muscles of lungs and heart, the chances of death are higher.

What is the prognosis of polymyositis?

The prognosis for polymyositis depends on how severe a case you have. Most people respond to treatment and get some of their muscle strength back. Some weakness may remain, and your symptoms could come back. While the condition is rarely life-threatening, you could wind up disabled if you don’t respond to treatment.

Among the drugs that have been suspected of contributing to myositis are carticaine (a local anesthetic), penicillamine (a drug used to lower copper levels in the body), interferon-alpha (mostly used to treat cancer and hepatitis ), cimetidine (used to treat ulcers), carbimazole (to treat thyroid disease),…

There’s no cure for this ongoing (chronic) condition, but there are treatments that can help with symptoms. No one knows the exact cause of polymyositis. But doctors do know that it’s an autoimmune condition, which means the body can attack its own tissues. This is what causes the problems.

Children die from polymyositis when the blood vessels that supply bowel suffer from inflammation. Cancer patients, who have Polymyositis, die from cancer rather than of Polymyositis. However, if polymyositis affects or weakens the muscles of lungs and heart, the chances of death are higher.

The prognosis for polymyositis depends on how severe a case you have. Most people respond to treatment and get some of their muscle strength back. Some weakness may remain, and your symptoms could come back. While the condition is rarely life-threatening, you could wind up disabled if you don’t respond to treatment.