Was the Black Death in the 13th century?
The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality or the Plague) was a bubonic plague pandemic occurring in Afro-Eurasia from 1346 to 1353.
How did the Black Death change society in the 1300s?
The effects of the Black Death were many and varied. Trade suffered for a time, and wars were temporarily abandoned. Many labourers died, which devastated families through lost means of survival and caused personal suffering; landowners who used labourers as tenant farmers were also affected.
Which places and social groups suffered the most during the Black Death?
1348 Europe suffered the most. By the end of 1348, Germany, France, England, Italy, and the low countries had all felt the plague. Norway was infected in 1349, and Eastern European countries began to fall victim during the early 1350s.
Where was the Black Death in the 14th century?
By the middle of 1348, the Black Death had struck Paris, Bordeaux, Lyon and London. Today, this grim sequence of events is terrifying but comprehensible. In the middle of the 14th century, however, there seemed to be no rational explanation for it.
Who was king at the time of the Black Death?
October, 1348 Following the infection and death of King Edward III’s daughter Princess Joan, the plague reaches London, according to King Death: The Black Death and its Aftermath in Late-Medieval England by Colin Platt. As the devastation grows, Londoners flee to the countryside to find food.
How many people died in the Black Plague?
The Black Death, also known as the Black Plague, was one of the most costly pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people and peaking in Europe in the years 1346-53.
Why did Poland survive the Black Death relatively unscathed?
New York: The Free Press, 1983. Nonetheless, it is true that Poland did survive the Black Death relatively unscathed. In addition to Poland’s relatively sparse population, a key factor is that King Casimir the Great wisely quarantined the Polish borders. By holding the plague off at the borders, the disease’s impact on Poland was softened.
Who was the King of England during the Black Death?
However, we do have an itinerary for Edward III, King of England during the first plague epidemic of 1348-49. England had been at war with France since 1337, but the conflict paused as the plague swept across Europe, beginning in Sicily in October 1347, possibly arriving by sea from the Crimea.
When did the Black Death start and end?
Nearly 700 years after the Black Death swept through Europe, it still haunts the world as the worst-case scenario for an epidemic. Called the Great Mortality as it caused its devastation, this second great pandemic of Bubonic Plague became known as the Black Death in the late 17th Century.
What was the population of Europe during the Black Death?
The Black Death was the second disaster affecting Europe during the Late Middle Ages (the first one being the Great Famine of 1315–1317) and is estimated to have killed 30% to 60% of Europe’s population. In total, the plague may have reduced the world population from an estimated 475 million to 350–375 million in the 14th century.
Where was the Holy Roman Empire during the Black Death?
Most of Switzerland was affected during the year of 1349, when the plague reached Bern, Zürich, Basel and Saint Gallen. The Holy Roman Empire was the stage for both the Jewish pogroms as well as the flagellants during the Black Death.