Is periodontal disease a virus or bacteria?
Periodontal disease, a complex chronic inflammatory disorder that involves interactions of specific bacteria and cellular host responses, is among the most prevalent microbial diseases in humans .
What bacteria causes periodontal disease?
The bacteria associated with periodontal diseases are predominantly gram-negative anaerobic bacteria and may include A. actinomycetemcomitans, P. gingivalis, P. intermedia, B.
Does periodontal disease require antibiotics?
Most forms of gum disease can be treated without antibiotics, but the biggest advantage of using topical antibiotics to help treat the disease is that they are directed to their specific target areas, thus the entire body is not affected.
What is the best antibiotic for periodontal disease?
At present, ciprofloxacin is the only antibiotic in periodontal therapy to which all strains of A. actinomycetemcomitans are susceptible. Also used in combination with Nitroimidazoles (metronidazole and tinidazole).
What can be done about periodontal disease?
Topical or oral antibiotics can help control bacterial infection. Topical antibiotics can include antibiotic mouth rinses or insertion of gels containing antibiotics in the space between your teeth and gums or into pockets after deep cleaning.
Where are the bacteria found in a periodontal disease?
The term infection is used to refer to the presence and multiplication of microorganisms in the body (1). Periodontal disease is a group of illnesses located in the gums and dental support structures (ligament and alveolar bone) and are produced by certain bacteria encountered in subgingival plaque (Fig.1).
Is there a role for viruses in periodontal disease?
However, the occurrence of periodontal disease in some patient groups is still poorly understood, and the role of o ther initiating agents is being investigated. possible mechanisms have also been suggested. Periodontal disease as a risk factor for other systemic diseases can also be better explained based on this viral etiology.
What are the symptoms of periodontal gum disease?
Symptoms of gum disease include: Bad breath that won’t go away Red or swollen gums Tender or bleeding gums Painful chewing Loose teeth Sensitive teeth Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
Are there any systemic diseases associated with periodontitis?
Systemic diseases may be associated with the development of periodontitis. It is thought that the host immune response to plaque is altered by the systemic condition. Hematological disorders associated with periodontitis include acquired neutropenia, leukemias and others.
How does bacteria in the mouth cause periodontal disease?
Bacteria in the mouth infect tissue surrounding the tooth, causing inflammation around the tooth leading to periodontal disease. When bacteria stay on the teeth long enough, they form a film called plaque, which eventually hardens to tartar, also called calculus. Tartar build-up can spread below the gum line, which makes the teeth harder to clean.
What does it mean if you have periodontal disease?
If you have been told you have periodontal (gum) disease, you’re not alone. Many adults in the U.S. currently have. some form of the disease. Periodontal diseases range from. simple gum inflammation to serious disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth.
What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontitis?
Periodontal disease includes gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis- is an inflammation of the gingiva only. The gingiva become edematous (swollen), erythematous (red) and will bleed. Periodontitis- is an infection and inflammation of the gingiva, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.
Can a teenager develop gingivitis or periodontitis?
Although teenagers rarely develop periodontitis, they can develop gingivitis, the milder form of gum disease. Most commonly, gum disease develops when plaque is allowed to build up along and under the gum line. How do I know if I have gum disease? Symptoms of gum disease include: