Is diabetes a disease or disorder or condition?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin.
What type of diabetes is considered a disease?
In the last decade, researchers have tested the idea that type 2 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, similar to type 1 diabetes. Researchers have found evidence that insulin resistance may be the result of immune system cells attacking the body’s tissues.
What makes type 2 diabetes a chronic disease?
Diabetes is a chronic disease characterised by high levels of glucose in the blood. Blood sugar levels are controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin, or the body becomes resistant to insulin, or both.
How is type 2 diabetes different from Type 1 diabetes?
Your pancreas does not produce enough insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — and cells respond poorly to insulin and take in less sugar. Type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes, but both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can begin during childhood and adulthood.
Is the diabetic a disease or a disorder?
Diabetes is a disease. Disease and disorder both have general meanings which are sometime interchangeable (you can say neurologic disease or neurologic disorder; endocrine disease or endocrine disorder) and more specific meanings (they are very different in this narrow sense).
What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
Blood sugar levels rise, leading to symptoms such as frequent urination, increased thirst, and irritability. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin or can’t produce enough insulin. The hormone insulin moves glucose from your blood to your cells. Your cells convert glucose to energy.
What are the problems with Type 2 diabetes?
Short-term complications of type 2 diabetes are hypoglycemia (very low blood glucose) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome ( HHNS ), which is very high blood glucose. Long-term complications of type 2 are diabetic retinopathy , kidney disease (nephropathy), diabetic neuropathy, and macrovascular problems.
What are the common signs of type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes (T2D), formerly known as adult-onset diabetes, is a form of diabetes that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin. Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss.
Is type 2 diabetes caused by weight?
Weight. Being overweight is a main risk factor for type 2 diabetes. However, you don’t have to be overweight to develop type 2 diabetes. Fat distribution. If you store fat mainly in the abdomen, you have a greater risk of type 2 diabetes than if you store fat elsewhere, such as in your hips and thighs.
What type of people have type 2 diabetes?
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2. Type 2 diabetes is more common in some ethnic groups, including African Americans, Latinos , Native Americans, Asian Americans, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders.