Is atopic dermatitis lifelong?
Atopic dermatitis also can be a lifelong condition. Fortunately, for many it tends to become less severe with age. During the teenage and young adult years, the itchy patches often develop on the elbows and knees.
Is atopic dermatitis contagious?
If your skin is dry, itchy and red, you might have eczema (atopic dermatitis). It’s a common skin condition that isn’t contagious. You’re high risk if you have asthma or allergies. There are treatments that manage symptoms, but there’s no cure.
How many children in the US have atopic dermatitis?
About 13 percent of all children in the U.S. have atopic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis usually starts in infancy or early childhood. Children who come from families with a history of atopic dermatitis, asthma or hay fever are more likely to develop atopic dermatitis.
What causes redness and itching in children with atopic dermatitis?
Considered an immune-mediated, inflammatory disease, atopic is caused by a combination of genes and external factors. The common symptoms of atopic — redness, dry skin and intense itch – happen when the immune system goes into overdrive, triggered by something in the child’s environment.
How is the development of atopic dermatitis influenced by genetics?
The development of atopic dermatitis in children is influenced by genetics, though the exact way it passes from parents to children is unknown. If one parent has atopic dermatitis, or any of the other atopic diseases (asthma, hay fever), the chances are about 50% that the child will have one or more of the diseases.
Can you give steroids to a child with atopic dermatitis?
Prescribing topical steroids to young children with atopic dermatitis involves a thorough understanding of this condition. Achieving treatment compliance partly involves providing adequate explanation to parents in order to reduce their concerns regarding the long-term side effects of topical corticosteroids.
Is it common for adults to get atopic dermatitis?
There was once a time when atopic dermatitis was primarily considered a pediatric condition. However, new and robust data have shown that AD is now almost as common in adults over 60 as it is in children under 18.
Are there any treatment options for refractory atopic dermatitis?
Treatment options are available for refractory atopic dermatitis, but these measures should be reserved for use in unique situations and typically require consultation with a dermatologist or an allergist. A topic dermatitis is a chronic inflammation of the skin that occurs in persons of all ages but is more common in children.
Are there specific laboratory findings for atopic dermatitis?
Unfortunately, no specific laboratory findings or histologic features define atopic dermatitis. Although elevated IgE levels are found in up to 80 percent of affected patients, IgE levels are also elevated in patients with other atopic diseases. 4
Where does the pruritus occur in atopic dermatitis?
In infants and young children with atopic dermatitis, pruritus commonly is present on the scalp, face (cheeks and chin) and extensor surfaces of the extremities (Figures 2 and 3). Older children and adults typically have involvement of the flexor surfaces (antecubital and popliteal fossa), neck, wrists and ankles (Figure 4).