Is abdominal distention a diagnosis?
Abdominal distension occurs when substances, such as air (gas) or fluid, accumulate in the abdomen causing its expansion. It is typically a symptom of an underlying disease or dysfunction in the body, rather than an illness in its own right. People suffering from this condition often describe it as “feeling bloated”.
What are some reasons a patient may have abdominal distention?
Causes of generalised abdominal distension
- Gas – eg, irritable bowel syndrome.
- Ascites – eg, congestive cardiac failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, peritoneal carcinomatosis, peritoneal tuberculosis.
- Intra-abdominal bleeding – eg, ruptured aortic aneurysm.
Will abdominal distention go away?
The discomfort usually goes away over time as the food moves through the digestive system. If you’re having trouble with bowel movements, you may be constipated. This can lead to an uncomfortable feeling of being overly full or bloated along with a hard stomach.
How to diagnose abdominal distention and constipation?
Urinalysis was positive for trace occult blood and 1+ protein. Abdominal plain radiography showed prominent gaseous dilatation of the transverse colon and redundant sigmoid colon without distinct signs of obstruction or free air. Which oneof the following is the most likelycause of the abdominal distention in this patient?
When to use abdominal radiography to diagnose bowel obstruction?
Although abdominal radiography is usually the initial imaging study performed in patients suspected of having large-bowel obstruction, it may not be sufficient to distinguish obstruction from other causes of colonic dilatation.
What kind of imaging is used for abdominal distension?
Imaging like ultrasound, barium x-ray, colonoscopy or endoscopy may be used for further investigations. Treatment is individualized and depends on the underlying cause. The patient’s age and presence of other coexisting diseases determine the treatment plan. Sometimes modifications in diet and lifestyle help overcome the condition.
What to do if you have abdominal distension?
Abdominal distension. The pressure sensation is often relieved, or at least lessened, by burping ( belching) or farting ( flatulence ). Medications that settle gas in the stomach and intestines are also commonly used to treat the discomfort and lessen the abdominal distension.
What is the purpose of an abdominal CT scan?
The scan can show cross-sectional images of a specific area of the body. With a CT scan, the machine circles the body and sends the images to a computer, where they’re viewed by a technician. An abdominal CT scan helps your doctor see the organs, blood vessels, and bones in your abdominal cavity.
Are there any risks with an abdominal CT scan?
Risks of an abdominal CT scan. An abdominal CT is a relatively safe procedure, but there are risks. This is especially true for children, who are more sensitive to radiation exposure than adults. Your child’s doctor may order a CT scan only as a last resort, and only if other tests cannot confirm a diagnosis.
How long does it take to get results from abdominal CT scan?
After your abdominal CT scan, you can likely return to your regular daily activities. Results for an abdominal CT scan typically take one day to process.
What are the signs and symptoms of distended stomach?
Signs and symptoms include: Diarrhea Gas Abdominal pain Abdominal bloating Abdominal distention (swelling) Nausea There are several tests to diagnose lactose intolerance. Treatment is generally made with dietary changes, supplements, and adaptation to small amounts of milk.