How is neonatal hypothyroidism diagnosed?

How is neonatal hypothyroidism diagnosed?

Early signs of congenital hypothyroidism in a baby include:

  1. jaundice (yellow skin or eyes)
  2. sleeping longer or more often than usual.
  3. constipation.
  4. a large soft spot (fontanel) on the head.
  5. large, swollen tongue.
  6. weak (“floppy”) muscle tone.
  7. swelling around the eyes.
  8. poor or slow growth.

What are some nursing diagnosis for a newborn?

The most frequently detected nursing diagnoses were: activity intolerance, impaired spontaneous ventilation, ineffective breathing pattern, risk for aspiration, delayed growth and development, Ineffective breastfeeding, Ineffective infant feeding pattern, hyperthermia / hypothermia, risk for infection, impaired tissue …

What is neonatal hypothyroidism?

Neonatal hypothyroidism is decreased thyroid hormone production in a newborn. In very rare cases, no thyroid hormone is produced. The condition is also called congenital hypothyroidism.

What form of hypothyroidism is found in infants?

There are two types of hypothyroidism in infants and children: Congenital hypothyroidism, which is present at birth, and acquired hypothyroidism, which develops after birth, usually during late childhood or adolescence. Congenital hypothyroidism affects 1 in 1,500-3,000 newborns in the U.S. each year.

Is hypothyroidism common in newborn babies?

Congenital hypothyroidism occurs when a newborn infant is born without the ability to make normal amounts of thyroid hormone. The condition occurs in about 1 in 3,000-4,000 children, is most often permanent and treatment is lifelong.

What is birth asphyxia?

What is birth asphyxia? Asphyxia (as-FIX-ee-uh) means lack of oxygen and blood flow to the brain. Birth asphyxia happens when a baby’s brain and other organs do not get enough oxygen and nutrients before, during or right after birth.

Why are newborns at risk for infection?

Newborns are particularly susceptible to certain diseases, much more so than older children and adults. Their new immune systems aren’t adequately developed to fight the bacteria, viruses, and parasites that cause these infections.

Will hypothyroidism affect my baby?

Untreated hypothyroidism, especially when it happens during the first trimester, can cause low IQ in a baby. Thyroid problems. This is rare, but it can happen in babies of women with Hashimoto’s disease because the antibodies can cross the placenta during pregnancy. Miscarriage or stillbirth.

What is normal TSH level for newborn?

Results should be interpreted using age-appropriate normative values (the TSH reference range at two to six weeks of age, the most common period of retesting, typically is 1.7 to 9.1 mU per L). Approximately 10 percent of infants with confirmed congenital hypothyroidism have TSH values between 20 and 40 mU per L.

What are three nursing care plans for hypothyroidism?

Here are three (3) nursing care plans (NCP) and nursing diagnosis for patients with hypothyroidism: 1. Imbalanced Nutrition: More Than Body Requirements 1. Imbalanced Nutrition: More Than Body Requirements 2. Deficient Knowledge 3. Fatigue Greater intake than metabolic needs. Decreased appetite. Sedentary activity level.

Which is the best diagnosis for congenital hypothyroidism?

Based on the assessment data, the major nursing diagnosis for congenital hypothyroidism are: Imbalanced nutrition: more than body requirements related to greater intake than metabolic needs as evidenced by hypotonia or decreased activity level.

How to diagnose a 3 month old with hypothyroidism?

Diagnosis of primary hypothyroidism is confirmed by demonstrating decreased levels of serum thyroid hormone (total or free T4) and elevated levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). A 3-month-old infant with untreated Congenital Hypothyroidism. The infant displays hypotonic posture, myxedematous facies, macroglossia, and umbilical hernia.

Why is it important to diagnose new mothers?

This will ensure the body is primed for sleep. New mothers who have undergone caesarian section are usually at high risk of for infection hence there’s specific nursing care plan for CS. In caesarian section diagnosis, the goal is usually to demonstrate techniques that reduce risks of infection and promote the healing process.