How does muscular dystrophy affect behavior?
While most people living with Duchenne have no issues with mental health, there are increased risks of delayed development, as well as learning and behavior issues, difficulties with social interactions, and issues with emotional adjustment.
Can muscular dystrophy cause death?
Duchenne muscular dystrophy ( DMD ) is frequently complicated by development of a cardiomyopathy. Despite significant medical advances provided to DMD patients over the past 2 decades, there remains a group of DMD patients who die prematurely.
How do you teach someone with muscular dystrophy?
Promote the use of muscles whenever possible and appropriate. Encourage the student to be as active as possible to keep healthy muscles in condition as long as possible. Adapt Physical Education activities so the student can participate (e.g. use lightweight equipment).
What are the social effects of muscular dystrophy?
Cognitive deficits (language problems, mental retardation, ADHD, etc.) causing social difficulties. Psychosocial factors such as anxiety or depression. The physical limitations and fatigue caused by Duchenne making it difficult for the child to keep up with others during play activities, sports, or games.
What happens to your muscles when you have muscular dystrophy?
What is muscular dystrophy? Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases that damage and weaken your muscles over time. This damage and weakness is due to the lack of a protein called dystrophin, which is necessary for normal muscle function.
Can a person with muscular dystrophy have heart problems?
Heart problems. Muscular dystrophy can reduce the efficiency of the heart muscle. Swallowing problems. If the muscles involved with swallowing are affected, nutritional problems and aspiration pneumonia can develop. Feeding tubes might be an option.
Are there any cures or cures for muscular dystrophy?
There’s no cure for muscular dystrophy. But medications and therapy can help manage symptoms and slow the course of the disease. The main sign of muscular dystrophy is progressive muscle weakness.
How are genes involved in Muscular Dystrophy disease?
Certain genes are involved in making proteins that protect muscle fibers from damage. Muscular dystrophy occurs when one of these genes is defective. Each form of muscular dystrophy is caused by a genetic mutation particular to that type of the disease.
What body systems are affected by muscular dystrophy?
Muscular dystrophy is an umbrella term for over 30 muscle-wasting disorders of the skeletal muscles, heart, eyes, and the nervous system. Although the condition is defined as a disorder of the skeletal muscles, various body systems can be affected, including the nervous system, heart, skin, eyes, endocrine system, and gastrointestinal system.
What are symptoms or effects of muscular dystrophy?
The patient may also experience signs of muscular dystrophy such as frequent falls, trouble negotiating grade or terrain changes, and gait abnormalities such as walking on the toes. As muscular dystrophy progresses, the patient can develop enlarged muscles, drooping of the eyelids and face, and difficulty breathing.
How many people are affected with muscular dystrophy?
Muscular Dystrophy is listed as a “rare disease” by the Office of Rare Diseases (ORD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This means that Muscular Dystrophy, or a subtype of Muscular Dystrophy, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population.
What are the nine major forms of muscular dystrophy?
There are nine major forms of muscular dystrophy: Myotonic. Duchenne. Becker. Limb-girdle. Facioscapulohumeral. Congenital. Oculopharyngeal .