How does malaria affect the human body?

How does malaria affect the human body?

Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. If not promptly treated, the infection can become severe and may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.

How does malaria get into the human body?

Malaria Effects on the Body. The parasite passes from the blood (where it enters via the bite of an infected mosquito) into the liver, where it reproduces and changes form. After a period of 1-4 weeks (usually – it can be longer) in the liver, the malaria parasite re-enters the blood and begins to infect red blood cells,…

What happens if a mosquito bites you and you get malaria?

If this mosquito bites you in the future, it can transmit malaria parasites to you. In the liver. Once the parasites enter your body, they travel to your liver — where some types can lie dormant for as long as a year. Into the bloodstream. When the parasites mature, they leave the liver and infect your red blood cells.

What are the parasites that cause the symptoms of malaria?

The blood stage parasites are those that cause the symptoms of malaria. When certain forms of blood stage parasites (“gametocytes”) are picked up by a female Anopheles mosquito during a blood meal, they start another, different cycle of growth and multiplication in the mosquito.

How long does malaria stay dormant in the liver?

Once infected through a mosquito bite, a person can have the malaria parasite dormant in the liver for 1 to 4 weeks, sometimes longer. The parasite then leaves the liver, entering the blood stream and infecting red blood cells.

How does malaria affect the inside of your body?

Malaria can cause your kidneys or liver to fail, or your spleen to rupture. Any of these conditions can be life-threatening. Anemia. Malaria damages red blood cells, which can result in anemia. Low blood sugar.

How does malaria affect people’s daily life?

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that affects humans and other animals. Malaria causes symptoms that typically include fever, tiredness, vomiting, and headaches. In severe cases it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma, or death.

How does malaria kill someone?

Malignant malaria usually begins with similar symptoms to benign malaria. However, it will often lead to you developing further complications, such as breathing problems, liver failure and shock. Malignant malaria can also affect the brain and central nervous system, which can even lead to death.

How fast does malaria kill?

Rapid diagnosis and early treatment are important, particularly for falciparum malaria, which is fatal in up to 20 percent of infected people and can kill within 24 hours. Symptoms can begin a month or more after the infecting mosquito bite.