How does cystic fibrosis cause malabsorption?

How does cystic fibrosis cause malabsorption?

Intestinal malabsorption is severe and of early onset in virtually all people who have cystic fibrosis. The main cause is deficiency of pancreatic enzymes, but bicarbonate deficiency, abnormalities of bile salts, mucosal transport and motility, and anatomical structural changes are other contributory factors.

Why does a person with cystic fibrosis take digestive enzymes?

With cystic fibrosis, the same thick mucus that fills the lungs also keeps the pancreas from releasing enzymes that the body needs to digest food. This condition is called pancreatic insufficiency. Almost all people with cystic fibrosis need to take extra enzymes to make up for what their pancreas can’t do.

Can pancreatic enzymes be harmful?

When taken by mouth: Prescription pancreatic enzyme products are LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth under the guidance of a healthcare provider. Side effects may include increased or decreased blood sugar, stomach pain, abnormal bowel movements, gas, headache, or dizziness.

How does cystic fibrosis affect the digestive system?

If you have cystic fibrosis, you have to pay more attention than most people to what you eat because sticky mucus in the pancreas interferes with the proper digestion of your food and causes blockages in the intestines.

Why is eating so important for people with cystic fibrosis?

Eating well is important for people with cystic fibrosis because the mucus can make it difficult to digest food and absorb nutrients. The pancreas often doesn’t work properly, making it even harder to digest food. A dietitian will advise on how to take in extra calories and nutrients to avoid malnutrition.

Why do people with CF have GI problems?

GI problems tend to occur in people with CF because the mucus generated by CF clogs the ducts (tubes) leading in and out of the pancreas, liver, and intestines and slows the movements that help food move through the system. This slow movement of bodily waste through the intestines may cause blockages.

Can a person with cystic fibrosis eat by mouth?

These may be prescribed by a doctor and are usually determined by your individual, dietary needs. Some people with CF benefit from getting extra nutrients and calories through temporary tube feeding if they aren’t able to maintain their nutrition by eating by mouth.

If you have cystic fibrosis, you have to pay more attention than most people to what you eat because sticky mucus in the pancreas interferes with the proper digestion of your food and causes blockages in the intestines.

What do you need to know about nutrition for cystic fibrosis?

Cystic fibrosis-nutrition. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-threatening disease that causes thick, sticky mucus to build up in the lungs and digestive tract. People with CF need to eat foods that are high in calories and protein throughout the day.

Why is it so hard to treat cystic fibrosis?

The mucus coughed up from the respiratory tract is called sputum. Mucus that doesn’t clear is a breeding ground for bacteria and leads to these chronic lung infections in CF patients. It’s also hard for therapeutic agents to penetrate the mucus and eradicate the bacteria.

These may be prescribed by a doctor and are usually determined by your individual, dietary needs. Some people with CF benefit from getting extra nutrients and calories through temporary tube feeding if they aren’t able to maintain their nutrition by eating by mouth.