How do you give medication through intramuscular injections?

How do you give medication through intramuscular injections?

How to administer an intramuscular injection

  1. Follow these steps for a safe intramuscular injection:
  2. Remove the cap.
  3. Draw air into the syringe.
  4. Insert air into the vial.
  5. Withdraw the medication.
  6. Remove air bubbles.
  7. Insert the needle.
  8. Check for blood.

Where are intramuscular injections commonly administered?

Common sites for intramuscular injections include the deltoid muscle of the upper arm and the gluteal muscle of the buttock. In infants, the vastus lateralis muscle of the thigh is commonly used.

When injecting an intramuscular medication what rate should be used to inject the medication?

Insert the needle with a dart-like motion. A quick injection is less painful. Inject medication at 10 seconds/ml. Because the injection sites recommended for immunizations do not contain large blood vessels, aspiration is not necessary when immunizing.

Why are some injections given intramuscularly?

Most vaccines should be given via the intramuscular route into the deltoid or the anterolateral aspect of the thigh. This optimises the immunogenicity of the vaccine and minimises adverse reactions at the injection site.

Do you pinch skin when giving im injection?

Make sure you pinch up on subcutaneous tissue to prevent injection into the muscle. Insert needle at a 45° angle into the fatty tissue overlying the triceps muscle. Make sure you pinch up on the subcutaneous tissue to prevent injection into the muscle.

What should you do immediately after giving an intramuscular injection?

Dispose of the used needle in a sharps container according to local policy. Place the filled syringe in a tray and take it to the patient, along with a sharps bin so the used sharps can be disposed of immediately after the procedure.

Do you squeeze the arm for an IM injection?

When to give an intramuscular injection ( IM )?

Last updated on March 4, 2021. What is an intramuscular injection? An intramuscular (IM) injection is a shot of medicine given into a muscle. Certain medicines need to be given into the muscle for them to work correctly.

How are intramuscular injections used to treat diabetes?

Parenteral Medication Administration Intramuscular (IM) injections deposit medications into the muscle fascia, which has a rich blood supply, allowing medications to be absorbed faster through muscle fibres than they are through the subcutaneous route (Malkin, 2008; Ogston-Tuck, 2014a; Perry et al., 2014).

How are drugs administered by the intramuscular route?

Drugs administered by the intramuscular (IM) route are deposited into vascular muscle tissue, which allows for rapid absorption into the circulation (Dougherty and Lister, 2015; Ogston-Tuck, 2014). Complications of poorly performed IM injection include: Inadvertent intravenous (IV) access.

What kind of muscle is used for IM injections?

Ventrogluteal. Traditionally the dorsogluteal (DG) muscle was used for IM injections but this muscle is in close proximity to a major blood vessel and nerves, with sciatic nerve injury a recognised complication (Small, 2004).

How do I administer an intramuscular injection?

How to administer an intramuscular injection Wash your hands. Wash your hands with soap and warm water to prevent potential infection. Gather all needed supplies Locate injection site. Clean injection site. Prepare syringe with medication. Self-injection with a syringe. Inject the medication. Remove the needle. Apply pressure to the injection site.

What is maximum amount of IM injection?

Intramuscularly (IM): An intramuscular injection is one that is given in the muscle. The maximum amount of fluid an adult can safely be given intramuscularly is 3 mL; for a child, the maximum is 1 mL.

What is the maximum mL for IM injection?

If injecting into the vastus lateralis , ventrogluteal, gluteus medius, or dorsogluteal muscles of an adult, the volume should not exceed 3 mL. If administering an IM injection into a child under age 2, the maximum amount that should be administered is 1 mL.

Why are shots given in a muscle?

The main reason to inject into the muscle is to stimulate the right kind of immune response. Most vaccines protect by causing a strong antibody response that last for years. This requires the vaccine to be picked up by the right kind of antigen presenting cells,…