How do you get sickle cell anemia is it contagious?

How do you get sickle cell anemia is it contagious?

Sickle cell disease is not contagious, so you can’t catch it from someone else or pass it to another person like a cold or an infection. People with sickle cell disease have it because they inherited two sickle cell genes , one from each parent.

What type of people get sickle cell disease?

Sickle cell disease (SCD) affects millions of people throughout the world and is particularly common among those whose ancestors came from sub-Saharan Africa; Spanish-speaking regions in the Western Hemisphere (South America, the Caribbean, and Central America); Saudi Arabia; India; and Mediterranean countries such as …

What causes a person to get sickle cell disease?

Causes Sickle cell disease is caused by inheriting the sickle cell gene. It’s not caused by anything the parents did before or during the pregnancy and you cannot catch it from someone who has it. Genes come in pairs. You inherit 1 set from your mother and 1 set from your father.

Do you have to be born with sickle cell disease?

You inherit 1 set from your mother and 1 set from your father. To be born with sickle cell disease, a child has to inherit a copy of the sickle cell gene from both their parents. This usually happens when both parents are “carriers” of the sickle cell gene, also known as having the sickle cell trait.

How is sickle cell disease diagnosed and treated?

Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the risk of complications. Hemoglobin electrophoresis is a blood test that can determine if a person is a carrier of sickle cell, or has any of the diseases associated with the sickle cell gene. How is sickle cell disease treated?

Can a person have sickle cell trait if they have one normal gene?

People who have inherited one sickle cell gene and one normal gene have SCT. This means the person won’t have the disease, but will be a trait “carrier” and can pass it on to his or her children.

What is the prognosis for sickle cell disease?

Some people with the disease can remain without symptoms for years, while others do not survive beyond infancy or early childhood. New treatments for sickle cell disease are improving life expectancy and quality of life. People with sickle cell disease can survive beyond their 50s with optimal management of the disease.

Can a person go undiagnosed with sickle cell?

Sickle cell disease is when you have two copies of the hemoglobin S, versus sickle cell trait, where you have one normal hemoglobin gene and one abnormal hemoglobin S gene. People of African-American origin are most likely to have sickle cell disease (which is more severe) or sickle cell trait (which can go undiagnosed for many people).

What are the side effects of sickle cell disease?

Sickle cell disease can also sometimes cause a wide range of other problems. These include: delayed growth during childhood and delayed puberty. gallstones, which can cause tummy (abdominal) pain and yellow skin and eyes (jaundice) bone and joint pain.

Is sickle cell a curable disease?

Sickle cell anemia is a disease that for the most part cannot be cured. Most people cope with Sickle cell because it is so hard to find a person to help with their cure. A way to cure Sickle cell anemia is to receive a bone marrow transplant to replace the red blood cells.