How are communicable diseases spread Class 9?
Through blood or other body fluids Some infections are spread when body fluids such as blood, saliva, urine (wees), faeces (poos) or semen come into direct contact with an uninfected person through kissing, sexual contact or through a needlestick injury. Examples of diseases spread through body fluids: hepatitis B.
How are communicable or infectious diseases spread?
Let us see how some of these germs that cause dangerous diseases like malaria, typhoid, jaundice, tuberculosis, etc., spread. Diseases like ringworm, measles, common cold, chickenpox and tuberculosis are spread by contact with an infected person, his saliva, utensils or clothing.
What are diseases that spread from one person to another?
Communicable diseases are diseases that can be spread from one person to another and cause a large number of people to get sick. They are caused by germs like bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites or toxins.
What is the definition of a communicable disease?
What are communicable diseases? Share on Pinterest. Communicable diseases can spread when people get close to each other. A communicable disease is any disease that passes between people or animals. People sometimes refer to communicable diseases as “infectious” or “transmissible” diseases. Pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, fungi.
How are germs spread from person to person?
We sometimes inhale disease-causing germs present in the air and get infected. Common cold, measles, cough, viral fever spared in this way. These diseases are spread by sneezing, coughing and spitting.
What are the ways in which communicable diseases are spread?
The main ways in which infectious diseases are usually spread are enlisted as follows: They are spread through air. From any kind of contact either direct or indirect between an infected and an unaffected person. Saliva of the infected person/animal. Blood or other bodily fluids. Skin or mucous membrane in the body (Nose, mouth, genitals etc.) By consuming contaminated food or water. Urine or feces carrying infections.
What are the 5 communicable diseases?
Communicable diseases include malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, infant’s diarrhoea, measles and poliomyelitis diseases are passed on to people who are not already affected by it. To collect this data we use mortality rates, morbidity rates, disease incidence, disease prevalence and disability adjusted life…
What can I do to prevent the spread of diseases?
- Wash your hands often.
- Get vaccinated.
- Use antibiotics sensibly.
- Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection.
- Be smart about food preparation.
- Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence.
- Practice safer sex.
- Don’t share personal items.
- Travel wisely.
What are the different ways to control communicable diseases?
There are several ways in which diseases can be communicated. These include airborne and oral transmission and sexual intercourse. Therefore, it is necessary to develop various methods to control communicable diseases. These include wearing condoms, taking vaccines, and educating the public.