Does epiretinal membrane require surgery?

Does epiretinal membrane require surgery?

Epiretinal membranes can be treated with vitrectomy surgery. However, not all epiretinal membranes require treatment. Surgery is not necessary if the epiretinal membrane is mild and having little or no effect on vision. There is no non-surgical treatment for an epiretinal membrane.

What is a retinal membrane?

(ERMs), also commonly known as cellophane maculopathy or macular puckers, are avascular (having few or no blood vessels), semitranslucent, fibrocellular membranes that form on the inner surface of the retina.

How to fix epiretinal membrane?

Vitrectomy surgery procedure The surgery for ERMs is called a vitrectomy. During a vitrectomy, the surgeon will make tiny cuts in the affected eye and remove the fluid from inside the eye. The surgeon will then hold and gently peel the epiretinal membrane from the retina and replace the fluid in the eye.

Is the epiretinal membrane on the retina always bad?

Many epiretinal membranes do not get any worse and may never affect vision, so can just be left alone. An epiretinal membrane is sometimes described as “scar tissue” on the retina. Other names for this include epi-macular membrane, macular pucker or cellophane maculopathy.

How is epiretinal membrane surgery related to macular degeneration?

In some cases it can be related to conditions such as diabetes, retinal tears, blockage of blood vessel, inflammation or prior eye surgery. Epiretinal membranes are not related to macular degeneration. Epiretinal membranes can but often do not usually affect the other eye.

When to have a vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane?

Epiretinal membrane is also known as macula pucker or cellophane maculopathy. Recovery after vitrectomy surgery to remove this fine scar tissue covering the macula can take up to 3 months. Surgery is only done if the patient notices distortion of vision , in other words, if straight lines look wavy or out of shape.

What happens to the membrane after retinal detachment?

Eyes with membranes following retinal detachment repair are more likely to have a limited visual recovery compared with eyes with an idiopathic ERM. Postoperative results are more favorable for eyes with ERM following retinal detachment repair if the macula was not involved by the initial retinal detachment or if the ERM is thin.

How is the epiretinal membrane in the back of the eye?

Epiretinal Membranes Epiretinal membranes are a thin, almost transparent layer of fibrous cellular material that forms as a ‘film’ over the macula at the back of your eye, making it harder for you to see. It is a condition that is often confused with macular degeneration.

Can a epiretinal membrane cause total blindness?

An epiretinal membrane will not cause total blindness – it will typically only affect the central vision in the affected eye, while peripheral or ‘side’ vision remains unaffected. Sometimes, the condition can be very mild, and have no effect on vision at all.

How is an epiretinal membrane ( ERM ) diagnosed?

Epiretinal membranes are often diagnosed during an eye exam when drops are used to dilate the pupil for examination of the retina and optic nerve. ERMs can be further evaluated with a diagnostic machine such as the OCT technology used at Island Retina.

When does vision improve after epiretinal membrane surgery?

Following epiretinal membrane removal, the vision is typically more blurred and will gradually improve as the eye and retina heal. Vision can gradually improve up to 3-6 months following surgery.